Effects of sacubitril/valsartan on biomarkers of extracellular matrix regulation in patients with HFrEF

Zile, M. R. et al. (2019) Effects of sacubitril/valsartan on biomarkers of extracellular matrix regulation in patients with HFrEF. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 73(7), pp. 795-806. (doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.11.042) (PMID:30784673)

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Background: Myocardial fibrosis is an important pathophysiological mechanism underlying the development of heart failure (HF). Given the biochemical targets of sacubitril/valsartan, we hypothesized that circulating biomarkers reflecting the mechanisms that determine extracellular matrix (ECM) homeostasis, including collagen synthesis, processing, and degradation, are altered by sacubitril/valsartan in comparison to enalapril. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of sacubitril/valsartan on biomarkers of ECM homeostasis and the association between the rate of primary composite outcome (cardiovascular death or HF hospitalization) and these biomarkers. Methods: Biomarkers at baseline (n = 2,067) and both baseline and 8 months after randomization (n = 1,776) included aldosterone, soluble ST2 (sST2), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, Galectin-3 (Gal-3), N-terminal propeptide of collagen I (PINP), and N-terminal propeptide of collagen III (PIIINP). The effects of sacubitril/valsartan on biomarkers were compared with enalapril. Baseline biomarker values and changes from baseline to 8 months were related to primary outcome. Results: At baseline, the profibrotic biomarkers aldosterone, sST2, TIMP-1, Gal-3, PINP, and PIIINP were higher, and biomarkers associated with collagen degradation, MMP-2 and -9, were lower than published referent control values. Eight months after randomization, aldosterone, sST2, TIMP-1, MMP-9, PINP, and PIIINP had decreased more in the sacubitril/valsartan than enalapril group. At baseline, higher values of sST-2, TIMP-1, and PIIINP were associated with higher primary outcome rates. Changes from baseline to 8 months in sST-2 and TIMP-1 were associated with change in outcomes. Conclusions: Biomarkers associated with profibrotic signaling are altered in HF with reduced ejection fraction, sacubitril/valsartan significantly decreased many of these biomarkers, and these biomarkers have important prognostic value. These findings suggest that sacubitril/valsartan may reduce profibrotic signaling, which may contribute to the improved outcomes. (This Study Will Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of LCZ696 Compared to Enalapril on Morbidity and Mortality of Patients With Chronic Heart Failure [PARADIGM-HF]; NCT01035255)

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Zile, M. R., O'Meara, E., Claggett, B., Prescott, M. F., Solomon, S. D., Swedberg, K., Packer, M., McMurray, J. J.V., Shi, V., Lefkowitz, M., and Rouleau, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:Journal of the American College of Cardiology
ISSN (Online):1558-3597
Published Online:18 February 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation
First Published:First published in Journal of the American College of Cardiology 73(7): 795-806
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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