Deaths from chickenpox in England and Wales 1995-7: analysis of routine mortality data

Rawson, H., Crampin, A. and Noah, N. (2001) Deaths from chickenpox in England and Wales 1995-7: analysis of routine mortality data. British Medical Journal, 323(7321), pp. 1091-1093. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.323.7321.1091) (PMID:11701571) (PMCID:PMC59681)

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Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology and impact of mortality from chickenpox in England and Wales. Design: Review of death certificates from the Office for National Statistics on which codes for “chickenpox” or “varicella” were mentioned. Further information ascertained from certifying physician. Participants: Those certified as having died from chickenpox in England and Wales, 1995-7. Main outcome measures: Diagnosis and age and sex distributions of deaths from chickenpox. Results: On average, 25 people a year die from chickenpox. Overall case fatality was 9.22 per 100 000 consultations for chickenpox. Adults accounted for 81% of deaths and 19% of consultations. Deaths were twice as common in men as in women. More of those who died were born outside United Kingdom than expected (12% v 4%). Conclusions: Chickenpox is not a mild disease. Deaths in adults are increasing, both in number and proportion.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding: Pasteur Merieux MSD for studies of chickenpox morbidity and mortality.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Crampin, Professor Mia
Authors: Rawson, H., Crampin, A., and Noah, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:British Medical Journal
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1756-1833

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