Sulthiame add-on therapy for epilepsy

Milburn-McNulty, P., Powell, G., Sills, G. J. and Marson, A. G. (2015) Sulthiame add-on therapy for epilepsy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015(10), CD009472. (doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009472.pub3) (PMID:26510094)

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Background: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterised by recurrent seizures. Most patients respond to conventional antiepileptic drugs, however, around 30% will continue to experience seizures despite multiple antiepileptic drugs. Sulthiame, also known as sultiame, is a widely used antiepileptic drug in Europe and Israel. We present a summary of the evidence for the use of sulthiame as add‐on therapy in epilepsy. Objectives: To compare the efficacy and side‐effect profile of sulthiame as add‐on therapy compared with placebo or another antiepileptic drug. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Epilepsy Group's Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and the WHO ICTRP Search Portal on 11 August 2015. No language restrictions were imposed. We contacted the manufacturers of sulthiame and researchers in the field to seek any ongoing or unpublished studies. Selection criteria: Randomised controlled add‐on trials of sulthiame in people of any age with epilepsy of any aetiology. Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion and extracted relevant data. The following outcomes were assessed: 1) reduction in seizure frequency of 50% or greater between baseline and end of follow‐up; 2) complete cessation of seizures during follow‐up; 3) mean seizure frequency; 4) time to treatment withdrawal; 5) adverse drug effects; and 6) quality of life scoring. Primary analyses were intention‐to‐treat. We present a narrative analysis. Main results: We included one trial with 37 participants with a new diagnosis of West syndrome. Sulthiame was given as an add‐on therapy to pyridoxine. No data were reported for outcomes 1), 3) or 6). Overall risk ratio with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for complete cessation of seizures during a nine‐day follow‐up period versus placebo was 0.71 (95% CI 0.53 to 0.96). Meaningful analysis of time to treatment withdrawal and adverse drug effects was not possible due to incomplete data. Authors' conclusions: Sulthiame may lead to a cessation of seizures when used as an add‐on therapy to pyridoxine in patients with West syndrome. The included study was small and had a significant risk of bias which limits the impact of the evidence. No conclusions can be drawn about the occurrence of adverse drug effects, change in quality of life or mean reduction in seizure frequency. No evidence exists for the use of sulthiame as an add‐on therapy in patients with epilepsy outside West syndrome. Large, multi‐centre randomized controlled trials are necessary to inform clinical practice if sulthiame is to be used as an add‐on therapy for epilepsy.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sills, Dr Graeme
Authors: Milburn-McNulty, P., Powell, G., Sills, G. J., and Marson, A. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Publisher:Cochrane Collaboration

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