Include us out—Economic development and social policy in the creative industries

Oakley, K. (2007) Include us out—Economic development and social policy in the creative industries. Cultural Trends, 15(4), pp. 255-273. (doi: 10.1080/09548960600922335)

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While Government claims about the UK as a ‘global creative hub’ continue to be made (Purnell, 2005), the contradictions and tensions in New Labour's policy in the creative industries have become more apparent. These include the tensions between a set of policies for global media businesses versus the support for small firms in local economic development (Gilmore, 2004; Hesmondhalgh & Pratt, 2005), and the tension between citizens and consumers in media and cultural policy (Hesmondhalgh, 2005). Equally apparent are the tensions between economic development of these sectors and social inclusion. In the UK, arguably more than other countries, the rhetoric of Creative Industries has been tied into political ideas about the links between economic competitiveness and social inclusion. The stated aims for creative industry development have thus been twofold—to increase jobs and GDP, while simultaneously ameliorating social exclusion and countering long-standing patterns of uneven economic development. Research, however, suggests that supporting the creative industries is, at best, a problematic way of tackling the issues of economic and social exclusion. The effects of gentrification on creative industry working and living space (Evans & Shaw, 2004); the patterns of informal hiring and career progression in these sectors (Leadbeater & Oakley, 2001) and the concentration of much economic activity in London and the South East, all suggest that the development of these sectors might exacerbate rather than address patterns of economic inequality.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Oakley, Professor Kate
Authors: Oakley, K.
College/School:College of Arts & Humanities > School of Culture and Creative Arts
Journal Name:Cultural Trends
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN (Online):1469-3690

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