Prospective clinical trials to investigate clinical and molecular biomarkers

Auvin, S., Walker, L., Gallentine, W., Jozwiak, S., Tombini, M. and Sills, G. J. (2017) Prospective clinical trials to investigate clinical and molecular biomarkers. Epilepsia, 58, pp. 20-26. (doi:10.1111/epi.13782) (PMID:28675556)

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Abstract

Summary: Among clinical studies, randomized studies as well as well‐designed observational studies are providing the highest quality data. In addition, these studies represent a good opportunity to examine biomarkers of ictogenesis and epileptogenesis. To date, no validated molecular or cellular biomarker exists for any aspect of epilepsy. We provide an overview of the inflammatory biomarkers under investigation in prospective clinical studies in epilepsy: proinflammatory cytokines in prolonged febrile seizure; High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) as a prognosis biomarker in epilepsy and the interaction between inflammation and metabolism, in particular, iron metabolism, in epilepsy. The designs of the European Union EPISTOP project following prospectively patients with tuberous sclerosis from birth to the start of the epilepsy and of the Standard and New Antiepileptic Drugs‐II study illustrate how such studies can be used to find new inflammatory biomarkers of ictogenesis and epileptogenesis. If we want to bridge the current gap between having numerous biomarker candidates from preclinical studies and their selective use in clinical practice, we need to explore multiple biologic systems, not just including inflammation. In addition, it is crucial that those involved in the design and support of relevant clinical studies recognize this gap and act accordingly, and in the interests of improving the diagnosis and prognosis for epilepsy.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors acknowledge the contribution of the following individuals to this manuscript: The FEBSTAT study group, Dr. Daniel J. Antoine, Professor Anthony G. Marson, and Sir Munir Pirmohamed (Department of Molecular & Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, UK); Feder-ica Frigerio, Dr. Teresa Ravizza, and Dr. Annamaria Vezzani (Departmentof Neuroscience, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy); Dr. Tiina Alapirti and Jukka Peltola (Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland); Martin J. Brodie (Epilepsy Unit; West Glasgow ACH-Yorkhill, Glasgow, UK).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sills, Dr Graeme
Authors: Auvin, S., Walker, L., Gallentine, W., Jozwiak, S., Tombini, M., and Sills, G. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Epilepsia
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0013-9580
ISSN (Online):1528-1167

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