Looking to the future: a synthesis of new developments and challenges in suicide research and prevention

O'Connor, R. and Portzky, G. (2018) Looking to the future: a synthesis of new developments and challenges in suicide research and prevention. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2139. (doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02139)

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Abstract

Suicide and attempted suicide are major public health concerns. In recent decades, there have been many welcome developments in understanding and preventing suicide, as well as good progress in intervening with those who have attempted suicide. Despite these developments, though, considerable challenges remain. In this article, we explore both the recent developments and the challenges ahead for the field of suicide research and prevention. To do so, we consulted 32 experts from 12 countries spanning four continents who had contributed to the International Handbook of Suicide Prevention (2nd edition). All contributors nominated, in their view, (i) the top 3 most exciting new developments in suicide research and prevention in recent years, and (ii) the top 3 challenges. We have synthesized their suggestions into new developments and challenges in research and practice, giving due attention to implications for psychosocial interventions. This Perspective article is not a review of the literature, although we did draw from the suicide research literature to obtain evidence to elucidate the responses from the contributors. Key new developments and challenges include: employing novel techniques to improve the prediction of suicidal behaviour; testing and applying theoretical models of suicidal behaviour; harnessing new technologies to monitor and intervene in suicide risk; expanding suicide prevention activities to low and middle-income countries; moving towards a more refined understanding of sub-groups of people at risk and developing tailored interventions. We also discuss the importance of multidisciplinary working and the challenges of implementing interventions in practice.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Suicide prevention, theory, risk factors, challenges and new approach, intervention studies, new technologies.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Connor, Professor Rory
Authors: O'Connor, R., and Portzky, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher:Frontiers Mediaion
ISSN:1664-1078
ISSN (Online):1664-1078
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 O’Connor and Portzky

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