Contesting the ‘war on drugs’ in the Andes: US-Bolivian relations of power and control (1989-1993)

Gillies, A. (2020) Contesting the ‘war on drugs’ in the Andes: US-Bolivian relations of power and control (1989-1993). Journal of Latin American Studies, 52(1), pp. 77-106. (doi: 10.1017/S0022216X19000324)

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The implementation of President George H. W. Bush's 1989 Andean Initiative brought to the fore competing US and Bolivian agendas. While US embassy officials sought to exert control in pursuit of militarised policies, the Bolivian government's ambivalence towards the coca-cocaine economy underpinned opposition to the ‘Colombianisation’ of the country. This article deconstructs prevailing top-down, US-centric analyses of the drug war in Latin America to examine how US power was exercised and resisted in the Bolivian case. Advancing a more historically grounded understanding of the development of the US drug war in Latin America, it reveals the fluidity of US–Bolivian power relations, the contested nature of counter-drug policy at the country level, and the instrumentalisation of the ‘war on drugs’ in distinct US and Bolivian agendas.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillies, Dr Allan
Authors: Gillies, A.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Journal Name:Journal of Latin American Studies
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN (Online):1469-767X
Published Online:06 May 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Cambridge University Press
First Published:First published in Journal of Latin American Studies 52(1): 77-106
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
750671Illicit Drug Economies, Governance and the Development-Security Nexus in the Global South: a Case Study of State-Narco Networks in Post-Transition BoliviaP HumeEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/P009875/1SPS - POLITICS