Cognition-inspired 5G cellular networks: a review and the road ahead

Yau, K.-L. A., Qadir, J., Wu, C., Imran, M. A. and Ling, M. H. (2018) Cognition-inspired 5G cellular networks: a review and the road ahead. IEEE Access, 6, pp. 35072-35090. (doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2849446)

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Despite the evolution of cellular networks, spectrum scarcity and the lack of intelligent and autonomous capabilities remain a cause for concern. These problems have resulted in low network capacity, high signaling overhead, inefficient data forwarding, and low scalability, which are expected to persist as the stumbling blocks to deploy, support and scale next-generation applications, including smart city and virtual reality. Fifth-generation (5G) cellular networking, along with its salient operational characteristics - including the cognitive and cooperative capabilities, network virtualization, and traffic offload - can address these limitations to cater to future scenarios characterized by highly heterogeneous, ultra-dense, and highly variable environments. Cognitive radio (CR) and cognition cycle (CC) are key enabling technologies for 5G. CR enables nodes to explore and use underutilized licensed channels; while CC has been embedded in CR nodes to learn new knowledge and adapt to network dynamics. CR and CC have brought advantages to a cognition-inspired 5G cellular network, including addressing the spectrum scarcity problem, promoting interoperation among heterogeneous entities, and providing intelligence and autonomous capabilities to support 5G core operations, such as smart beamforming. In this paper, we present the attributes of 5G and existing state of the art focusing on how CR and CC have been adopted in 5G to provide spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, improved quality of service and experience, and cost efficiency. This main contribution of this paper is to complement recent work by focusing on the networking aspect of CR and CC applied to 5G due to the urgent need to investigate, as well as to further enhance, CR and CC as core mechanisms to support 5G. This paper is aspired to establish a foundation and to spark new research interest in this topic. Open research opportunities and platform implementation are also presented to stimulate new research initiatives in this exciting area.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Imran, Professor Muhammad
Authors: Yau, K.-L. A., Qadir, J., Wu, C., Imran, M. A., and Ling, M. H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE Access
ISSN (Online):2169-3536
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Access 6: 35072-35090
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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