A green approach for the removal of Sr(II) from aqueous media: kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic studies

Kausar, A., MacKinnon, G. , Alharthi, A., Hargreaves, J. , Bhatti, H. N. and Iqbal, M. (2018) A green approach for the removal of Sr(II) from aqueous media: kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic studies. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 257, pp. 164-172. (doi:10.1016/j.molliq.2018.02.101)

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Abstract

Adsorption efficiency of native, NaOH-treated and immobilized peanut husk and sugarcane bagasse for Sr(II) removal was studied in batch mode. In view of promising adsorption efficiency of peanut husk versus sugarcane bagasse, the biosorption behaviour of the Sr(II) ions onto peanut husk (native and modified) was studied as a function of pH, biosorbent dose, contact time, initial metal ion concentration and temperature for the maximum removal of Sr(II) ions. Linear and non-linear pseudo-first and second-order kinetic models were applied and value of R2 and six non-linear regression error functions, namely hybrid fractional error function (HYBRID), Marquardt's percent standard deviation (MPSD), average relative error (ARE), the sum of the errors squared (ERRSQ/SSE), the sum of the absolute errors (EABS) and Chi-square test (χ2) were used to predict the most optimum kinetic model. Sorbent-sorbate reaction nature was estimated by fitting equilibrium data by non-linear and transformed linear forms of the Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson isotherms and most optimum isothermal model was optimized by comparing linear and non-linear R2 value and non-linear regression error functions. HCl proved most successful eluating agents for sorbed Sr(II) ions. Biosorption characteristics and effectiveness of the process was also confirmed by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX). In view of promising efficiency of peanut husk as an adsorbent, it could possibly be used for the removal of Sr(II) ions from aqueous medium and is also extendable to other radionuclide.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors are thankful to Higher Education Commission, Pakistan for financial assistance under the project International Research Support Initiative Program (IRSIP 22Ps18).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hargreaves, Professor Justin and MacKinnon, Dr Gillian
Authors: Kausar, A., MacKinnon, G., Alharthi, A., Hargreaves, J., Bhatti, H. N., and Iqbal, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Journal of Molecular Liquids
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-7322
ISSN (Online):1873-3166
Published Online:24 February 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Journal of Molecular Liquids 257:164-172
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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