Design and Modelling of a Novel Combustion Heat Exchanger for Household Heating

Yadollahi, B., Ritchie, M., Karimi, N. and Paul, M. C. (2018) Design and Modelling of a Novel Combustion Heat Exchanger for Household Heating. In: 5th International Conference on Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow (HTFF'18), Madrid, Spain, 16-18 Aug 2018, HTFF147. (doi: 10.11159/htff18.147)

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The present study is focused on the design and modelling of a novel Combustion Heat Exchanger (CHE), used for heating and hot water supplies in residential buildings. System design includes a combination of an efficient porous burner and heat exchangers. Combined with an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) and a Heat Pump (HP), it is meant to deliver higher energy efficiency as well as reduced greenhouse gas emissions. A numerical model has been developed in STAR-CCM+ to evaluate the design. Furthermore, system level heat transfer calculations were acquired to assist with the design process. A step by step approach was undertaken to investigate physical and chemical phenomena in the system. System dimensions, exchanger location and geometry, air/fuel ratio, porous media models, radiation and combustion were investigated along with different exchanger geometries. A novel spiral heat exchanger was introduced in addition to the common coil designs to exhibit both convection and radiation heat transfers. The results indicated that the exhibition of spiral heat exchanger would result in significantly enhanced heat transfer. Overall heat transfer coefficients of 4-5 times higher in comparison to coils could be expected for spiral exchangers. It was shown that radiation heat transfer accounts for a prominent share in the total heat transfer. Furthermore, the CHE could operate at a wide range of lean air/fuel ratios, enabling further decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. As the last part of the study, further investigations on the regular coil exchangers indicated that these exchangers could still be used with the design, but heat transfer enhancement is required to reduce the dimensions. Such enhancements were tested through shell geometry designs with improved results. Overall, the system shows a promising solution for further reduction of CO2 emissions while improving thermal efficiency.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Paul, Professor Manosh and Ritchie, Mr Matthew and Yadollahi, Dr Bijan and Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Yadollahi, B., Ritchie, M., Karimi, N., and Paul, M. C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 International ASET Inc.
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow (HTFF'18): HTFF147
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
709761Thermally Driven Heat Pump Based on an Integrated Thermodynamic Cycle for Low Carbon Domestic Heating (Therma-Pump)Zhibin YuEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/N020472/1ENG - ENGINEERING SYSTEMS POWER & ENERGY