Suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-harm: national prevalence study of young adults

O'Connor, R. , Wetherall, K., Cleare, S. , Eschle, S., Drummond, J., Ferguson, E., O'Connor, D. B. and O'Carroll, R. E. (2018) Suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-harm: national prevalence study of young adults. BJPsych Open, 4(3), pp. 142-148. (doi: 10.1192/bjo.2018.14) (PMID:29922479) (PMCID:PMC6003254)

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Background: There are few prevalence studies of suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH). Aims: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of thoughts of NSSH, suicidal thoughts, NSSH and suicide attempts among 18- to 34-year-olds in Scotland. Method: We interviewed a representative sample of young adults from across Scotland. Results: We interviewed 3508 young people; 11.3 and 16.2% reported a lifetime history of suicide attempts and NSSH, respectively. The first episode of NSSH tended to precede the first suicide attempt by about 2 years. Age at onset of NSSH and suicide attempt was younger in females. Earlier age at onset was associated with more frequent NSSH/suicide attempts. Women are significantly more likely to report NSSH and suicide attempts compared with men. Conclusions: One in nine young people has attempted suicide and one in six has engaged in NSSH. Clinicians should be vigilant, as suicide attempts and NSSH are relatively common.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was funded by a grant from US Department of Defense (W81XWH-12-1-0007).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Connor, Professor Rory and Eschle, Miss Sarah and O'Carroll, Prof Ronan and Drummond, Julie and Cleare, Dr Seonaid and Wetherall, Miss Karen
Authors: O'Connor, R., Wetherall, K., Cleare, S., Eschle, S., Drummond, J., Ferguson, E., O'Connor, D. B., and O'Carroll, R. E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:BJPsych Open
Publisher:Royal College of Psychiatrists
ISSN (Online):2056-4724
Published Online:09 May 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Royal College of Psychiatrists
First Published:First published in BJPsych Open 4(3):142-148
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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