Estimates of ten multiple intelligences: sex and national differences in the perception of oneself and famous people

Furnham, A., Li-Ping Tang, T., Lester, D., O'Connor, R. and Montgomery, R. (2002) Estimates of ten multiple intelligences: sex and national differences in the perception of oneself and famous people. European Psychologist, 7(4), pp. 245-255. (doi:10.1027//1016-9040.7.4.245)

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Abstract

A total of 253 British and 318 American students were asked to make various estimates of overall intelligence as well as Gardner's (1999a) new list of 10 multiple intelligences. They made these estimations (11 in all) for themselves, their partner, and for various well-known figures such as Prince Charles, Tony Blair, Bill Gates, and Bill Clinton. Following previous research there were various sex and nationality differences in self-estimated IQ: Males rated themselves higher on verbal, logical, spatial, and spiritual IQ compared to females. Females rated their male partner as having lower verbal and spiritual, but higher spatial IQ than was the case when males rated their female partners. Participants considered Bill Clinton (2 points) and Prince Charles (5 points) less intelligent than themselves, but Tony Blair (5 points) and Bill Gates (15 points) more intelligent than themselves. Multiple regressions indicated that the best predictors of one's overall IQ estimates were logical, verbal, existential, and spatial IQ. Factor analysis of the 10 and then 8 self-estimated scores did not confirm Gardner's classification of multiple intelligences. Results are discussed in terms of the growing literature in the self-estimates of intelligence, as well as limitations of that approach.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Connor, Professor Rory
Authors: Furnham, A., Li-Ping Tang, T., Lester, D., O'Connor, R., and Montgomery, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:European Psychologist
Publisher:Hogrefe
ISSN:1016-9040
Published Online:01 September 2006

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