Medical waveform format encoding rules representation of neurointensive care waveform data

Piper, I., Shaw, M., Hawthorne, C., Kinsella, J. and Moss, L. (2018) Medical waveform format encoding rules representation of neurointensive care waveform data. In: Heldt, T. (ed.) Intracranial Pressure and Neuromonitoring XVI. Series: Acta neurochirurgica supplement (126). Springer: Cham, pp. 183-188. ISBN 9783319657974 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-65798-1_38)

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Objective: Technology in neurointensive care units can collect and store vast amounts of complex patient data. The CHART-ADAPT project is aimed at developing technology that will allow for the collection, analysis and use of these big data at the patient’s bedside in neurointensive care units. A requirement of this project is to automatically extract and transfer high-frequency waveform data (e.g. ICP) from monitoring equipment to high performance computing infrastructure for analysis. Currently, no agreed data standard exists in neurointensive care for the description of this type of data. In this pilot study, we investigated the use of Medical Waveform Format Encoding Rules (MFER— 11073-92001) as a possible data standard for neurointensive care waveform data. Materials and methods: Several waveform formats were explored (e.g. XML, DICOM waveform) and evaluated for suitability given existing computing infrastructure constraints, e.g. NHS network capacity and the processing capabilities of existing integration software. Key requirements of the format included a compact data size and the use of a recognised standard. The MFER waveform format (ISO/TS 11073-92001) met both requirements. To evaluate the practicality of the MFER waveform format, seven waveform signals (ICP, ECG, ART, CVP, EtCO2, Pleth, Resp) collected over a period of 8 h from a patient at the Institute of Neurological Sciences in Glasgow were converted into MFER waveform format. Results: The MFER waveform format has two main components: sampling information and frame information. Sampling information describes the frequency of the data sampling and the resolution of the data. Frame information describes the data itself; it consists of three elements: data block (the actual data), channel (each type of waveform data occupies a channel) and sequence (the repetition of the data). All seven waveform signals were automatically and successfully converted into the MFER waveform format. One MFER file was created for each minute of data (total of 479 files, 181 KB each). Conclusions: The MFER waveform format has potential as a lightweight standard for representing high-frequency neurointensive care waveform data. Further work will include a comparison with other waveform data formats and a live trial of using the MFER waveform format to stream patient data over a longer period.

Item Type:Book Sections
Keywords:Medical waveforms, neurointensive care, standards.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kinsella, Professor John and Piper, Dr Ian and Moss, Dr Laura and Hawthorne, Dr Christopher and Shaw, Dr Martin
Authors: Piper, I., Shaw, M., Hawthorne, C., Kinsella, J., and Moss, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement

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