Perfectionism and psychological distress: evidence of the mediating effects of rumination

O'Connor, D. B., O'Connor, R. C. and Marshall, R. (2007) Perfectionism and psychological distress: evidence of the mediating effects of rumination. European Journal of Personality, 21(4), pp. 429-452. (doi:10.1002/per.616)

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Abstract

Three studies investigated the role of ruminative tendencies in mediating the effects of multidimensional perfectionism (Hewitt & Flett, 1991) on psychological distress. Study 1 (Sample 1, N = 279; Sample 2, N = 224) and Study 2 (N = 205) found evidence, cross-sectionally and prospectively, that brooding ruminative response style either fully or partially mediated the effects of socially prescribed and self-oriented perfectionism on psychological distress, depression and hopelessness levels. In addition, Study 3 (N = 163) confirmed these mediation effects for socially prescribed perfectionism in relation to depression and hopelessness, 2 months later, after initial levels of distress were controlled. Overall, these findings provide evidence that brooding ruminative response style is an important mechanism that can explain, in part, the relationship between perfectionism and distress.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Connor, Professor Rory
Authors: O'Connor, D. B., O'Connor, R. C., and Marshall, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:European Journal of Personality
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0890-2070
ISSN (Online):1099-098
Published Online:03 January 2007

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