Early Cenozoic denudation of central west Britain in response to transient and permanent uplift above a mantle plume

Łuszczak, K., Persano, C. and Stuart, F.M. (2018) Early Cenozoic denudation of central west Britain in response to transient and permanent uplift above a mantle plume. Tectonics, 37(3), pp. 914-934. (doi: 10.1002/2017tc004796)

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Upwelling mantle plumes beneath continental crust are predicted to produce difficult to quantify, modest uplift and denudation. The contribution of permanent and transient components to the uplift is also difficult to distinguish. A pulse of denudation in Britain in the Early Paleogene has been linked, although with some controversy, with the arrival of the proto-Iceland mantle plume. In this contribution we show that combining apatite and zircon (U-Th-Sm)/He and apatite fission track analyses from central west Britain with numerical modeling clearly identifies a pulse of early Cenozoic denudation. The data indicate that rock uplift and denudation were centered on the northern East Irish Sea Basin and 1.0–2.4 km of rocks were removed during the latest Cretaceous-early Paleogene. Uplift and erosion appears to have started a few million years before the earliest magmatism in the region. The regional denudation pattern mirrors the distribution of low-density magmatic rocks that has been imaged in the deep crust. However, the injection of the underplating melt is not enough to account for the total denudation. An additional regional uplift of at least 300 m is required, which is consistent with a transient thermal effect from the hot mantle plume. The rapid exhumation event ceased by ~40 Ma and the data do not require significant Neogene exhumation.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Geochemistry and petrology, geophysics.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Persano, Dr Cristina
Authors: Łuszczak, K., Persano, C., and Stuart, F.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Tectonics
ISSN (Online):1944-9194
Published Online:21 February 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 American Geophysical Union
First Published:First published in Tectonics 37(3): 914-934
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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