Lung cancer and socioeconomic status in a pooled analysis of case-control studies

Hovanec, J. et al. (2018) Lung cancer and socioeconomic status in a pooled analysis of case-control studies. PLoS ONE, 13(2), e0192999. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192999) (PMID:29462211) (PMCID:PMC5819792)

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Background An association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and lung cancer has been observed in several studies, but often without adequate control for smoking behavior. We studied the association between lung cancer and occupationally derived SES, using data from the international pooled SYNERGY study. Methods Twelve case-control studies from Europe and Canada were included in the analysis. Based on occupational histories of study participants we measured SES using the International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status (ISEI) and the European Socio-economic Classification (ESeC). We divided the ISEI range into categories, using various criteria. Stratifying by gender, we calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) by unconditional logistic regression, adjusting for age, study, and smoking behavior. We conducted analyses by histological subtypes of lung cancer and subgroup analyses by study region, birth cohort, education and occupational exposure to known lung carcinogens. Results The analysis dataset included 17,021 cases and 20,885 controls. There was a strong elevated OR between lung cancer and low SES, which was attenuated substantially after adjustment for smoking, however a social gradient persisted. SES differences in lung cancer risk were higher among men (lowest vs. highest SES category: ISEI OR 1.84 (95% CI 1.61–2.09); ESeC OR 1.53 (95% CI 1.44–1.63)), than among women (lowest vs. highest SES category: ISEI OR 1.54 (95% CI 1.20–1.98); ESeC OR 1.34 (95% CI 1.19–1.52)). Conclusion SES remained a risk factor for lung cancer after adjustment for smoking behavior.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Research article, medicine and health sciences, biology and life sciences, people and places, social sciences.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Conway, Professor David
Creator Roles:
Conway, D. I.Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Hovanec, J., Siemiatycki, J., Conway, D. I., Olsson, A., Stücker, I., Guida, F., Jöckel, K.-H., Pohlabeln, H., Ahrens, W., Brüske, I., Wichmann, H.-E., Gustavsson, P., Consonni, D., Merletti, F., Richiardi, L., Simonato, L., Fortes, C., Parent, M.-E., McLaughlin, J., Demers, P., Landi, M. T., Caporaso, N., Tardón, A., Zaridze, D., Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N., Rudnai, P., Lissowska, J., Fabianova, E., Field, J., Dumitru, R. S., Bencko, V., Foretova, L., Janout, V., Kromhout, H., Vermeulen, R., Boffetta, P., Straif, K., Schüz, J., Kendzia, B., Pesch, B., Brüning, T., and Behrens, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 13(2):e0192999
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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