Frontiers in residential segregation: understanding neighbourhood boundaries and their impacts

Dean, N. , Dong, G., Piekut, A. and Pryce, G. (2019) Frontiers in residential segregation: understanding neighbourhood boundaries and their impacts. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 110(3), pp. 271-288. (doi: 10.1111/tesg.12316)

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‘Social frontiers’ – places of sharp difference in social/ethnic characteristics between neighbouring communities – have largely been overlooked in quantitative research. Advancing this nascent field first requires a way of identifying social frontiers in a robust way. Such frontiers may be ‘open’ – an area may contrast sharply with a neighbourhood in one direction, but blend smoothly into adjacent neighbourhoods in other directions. This poses some formidable methodological challenges, particularly when computing inference for the existence of a social frontier, an important goal if one is to distinguish true frontiers from random variation. We develop a new approach using Bayesian spatial statistical methods that permit asymmetries in spatial effects and allow for spatial autocorrelation in the data. We illustrate our method using data on Sheffield and find clear evidence of ‘open’ frontiers. Permutations tests and Poisson regressions with fixed effects reveal compelling evidence that social frontiers are associated with higher rates of crime.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was funded by the Economic and SocialResearch Council (ESRC) through the AppliedQuantitative Methods Network: Phase II, GrantNumber ES/P003567/1.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pryce, Professor Gwilym and Dean, Dr Nema
Authors: Dean, N., Dong, G., Piekut, A., and Pryce, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
ISSN (Online):1467-9663
Published Online:15 April 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 110(3): 271-288
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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