The proteolipid protein gene and myelin disorders in man and animal models

Yool, D. A. , Edgar, J. M. , Montague, P. and Malcolm, S. (2000) The proteolipid protein gene and myelin disorders in man and animal models. Human Molecular Genetics, 9(6), pp. 987-992. (doi: 10.1093/hmg/9.6.987) (PMID:10767322)

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The two proteins, proteolipid protein and DM20, which are encoded by alternative transcripts from the proteolipid protein ( PLP ) gene, are major components of central nervous system myelin. In man, mutations of these proteins cause Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD), an X-linked dysmyelinating neuropathy. The mutations found are very varied, ranging from deletions, loss-of-function and missense mutations to additional copies of the gene. This same range of known genetic defects has been observed in animal models with spontaneous and engineered Plp gene mutations. The relationship between genotype and phenotype is remarkably close in the animal models and the PMD cases, making them useful models for studying the mechanisms of PLP gene-related disease. As a result, it has become clear that the PLP gene plays a wider role in neural development in addition to its function as a structural component of myelin. It has also emerged that duplications of the PLP gene are the commonest mutation in PMD. Genetic disorders arising from a dosage effect may be more common than previously recognized. The study of the PLP gene in this rare disorder is, therefore, contributing both to our understanding of neural development and maintenance and to the mechanisms of human genetic disorders.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Edgar, Professor Julia and Montague, Dr Paul and Yool, Professor Donald
Authors: Yool, D. A., Edgar, J. M., Montague, P., and Malcolm, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Infection & Immunity
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Human Molecular Genetics
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1460-2083

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