Shock effects in plagioclase feldspar from the Mistastin Lake impact structure, Canada

Pickersgill, A. E. , Osinski, G. R. and Flemming, R. L. (2015) Shock effects in plagioclase feldspar from the Mistastin Lake impact structure, Canada. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 50(9), pp. 1546-1561. (doi: 10.1111/maps.12495)

153467.pdf - Accepted Version



Shock metamorphism, caused by hypervelocity impact, is a poorly understood process in feldspar due to the complexity of the crystal structure, the relative ease of weathering, and chemical variations, making optical studies of shocked feldspars challenging. Understanding shock metamorphism in feldspars, and plagioclase in particular, is vital for understanding the history of Earth's moon, Mars, and many other planetary bodies. We present here a comprehensive study of shock effects in andesine and labradorite from the Mistastin Lake impact structure, Labrador, Canada. Samples from a range of different settings were studied, from in situ central uplift materials to clasts from various breccias and impact melt rocks. Evidence of shock metamorphism includes undulose extinction, offset twins, kinked twins, alternate twin deformation, and partial to complete transformation to diaplectic plagioclase glass. In some cases, isotropization of alternating twin lamellae was observed. Planar deformation features (PDFs) are notably absent in the plagioclase, even when present in neighboring quartz grains. It is notable that various microlites, twin planes, and compositionally different lamellae could easily be mistaken for PDFs and so care must be taken. A pseudomorphous zeolite phase (levyne-Ca) was identified as a replacement mineral of diaplectic feldspar glass in some samples, which could, in some instances, also be potentially mistaken for PDFs. We suggest that the lack of PDFs in plagioclase could be due to a combination of structural controls relating to the crystal structure of different feldspars and/or the presence of existing planes of weakness in the form of twin and cleavage planes.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pickersgill, Dr Annemarie
Authors: Pickersgill, A. E., Osinski, G. R., and Flemming, R. L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Meteoritics and Planetary Science
ISSN (Online):1945-5100
Published Online:18 August 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Meteoritical Society
First Published:First published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science 50(9): 1546-1561
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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