"Hidden" dUTPase sequence in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120

Abergel, C., Robertson, D.L. and Claverie, J.M. (1999) "Hidden" dUTPase sequence in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120. Journal of Virology, 73(1), pp. 751-753. (PMID:9847382) (PMCID:PMC103883)

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Publisher's URL: http://jvi.asm.org/content/73/1/751


A coding region homologous to the sequence for essential eukaryotic enzyme dUTPase has been identified in different genomic regions of several viral lineages. Unlike the nonprimate lentiviruses (caprine arthritis- encephalitis virus, equine infectious anemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus, and visna virus), where dUTPase is integrated into the pol coding region, this enzyme has never been demonstrated to be present in the primate lentivirus genomes (human immunodeficiency virus type 1 [HIV-1], HIV-2, or the related simian immunodeficiency virus). A novel approach allowed us to identify a weak but significant sequence similarity between HIV-1 gp120 and the human dUTPase. This finding was then extended to all of the primate lentivirus lineages. Together with the recently reported fragmentary structural similarity between the V3 loop region and the Escherichia coli dUTPase (P. D. Kwong, R. Wyatt, J. Robinson, R. W. Sweet, J. Sodroski, and W. A. Hendrickson, Nature 393:648-659, 1998), our results strongly suggest that an ancestral dUTPase gene has evolved into the present primate lentivirus CD4 and cytokine receptor interacting region of gp120.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robertson, Professor David
Authors: Abergel, C., Robertson, D.L., and Claverie, J.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN (Online):1098-5514

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