Landscape-scale drivers of glacial ecosystem change in the montane forests of the eastern Andean flank

Loughlin, N. J.D., Gosling, W. D., Coe, A. L., Gulliver, P. , Mothes, P. and Montoya, E. (2018) Landscape-scale drivers of glacial ecosystem change in the montane forests of the eastern Andean flank. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 489, pp. 198-208. (doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.10.011)

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Understanding the impact of landscape-scale disturbance events during the last glacial period is vital in accurately reconstructing the ecosystem dynamics of montane environments. Here, a sedimentary succession from the tropical montane cloud forest of the eastern Andean flank of Ecuador provides evidence of the role of non-climate drivers of vegetation change (volcanic events, fire regime and herbivory) during the late-Pleistocene. Multiproxy analysis (pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs, charcoal, geochemistry and carbon content) of the sediments, radiocarbon dated to ca. 45–42 ka, provide a snap shot of the depositional environment, vegetation community and non-climate drivers of ecosystem dynamics. The geomorphology of the Vinillos study area, along with the organic‑carbon content, and aquatic remains suggest deposition took place near a valley floor in a swamp or shallow water environment. The pollen assemblage initially composed primarily of herbaceous types (Poaceae-Asteraceae-Solanaceae) is replaced by assemblages characterised by Andean forest taxa, (first Melastomataceae-Weinmannia-Ilex, and later, Alnus-Hedyosmum-Myrica). The pollen assemblages have no modern analogues in the tropical montane cloud forest of Ecuador. High micro-charcoal and rare macro-charcoal abundances co-occur with volcanic tephra deposits suggesting transportation from extra-local regions and that volcanic eruptions were an important source of ignition in the wider glacial landscape. The presence of the coprophilous fungi Sporormiella reveals the occurrence of herbivores in the glacial montane forest landscape. Pollen analysis indicates a stable regional vegetation community, with changes in vegetation population co-varying with large volcanic tephra deposits suggesting that the structure of glacial vegetation community at Vinillos was driven by volcanic activity.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and The Open University through a scholarship to NJDL (NE/L501888/1), and a NERC fellowship to EM (NE/J018562/1). Radiocarbon analysis was supported by the NERC Radiocarbon Facility NRCF010001 (allocation number 1810.0414) and undertaken by PG. XRF was undertaken by the late John Watson at the Open University, UK. The Vinillos samples were collected in 2012 as part of a NERC funded studentship (NE/J500288/1).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gulliver, Dr Pauline
Authors: Loughlin, N. J.D., Gosling, W. D., Coe, A. L., Gulliver, P., Mothes, P., and Montoya, E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
ISSN (Online):1872-616X
Published Online:13 October 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 489: 198-208
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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