A short commentary on Aristotle's scientific legacy and his definition of the physiologist

Zarros, A. (2014) A short commentary on Aristotle's scientific legacy and his definition of the physiologist. Acta Physiologica Hungarica, 101(2), pp. 259-261. (doi: 10.1556/APhysiol.101.2014.2.14) (PMID:24901085)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.


The roots of physiology - on the basis of a systematic study of the human body's functions and their correlation to anatomy - date back to the works of Aristotle. The pupil of Plato and the tutor of Alexander the Great was a one-man university, and his contributions to the medical sciences have been immense. His surviving works highlight the first serious approach towards the rejection of metaphysical and mythological thought, and have: (i) demonstrated a deep appreciation for a systematic, non-metaphysical study of the natural world, (ii) set the foundations of comparative and human anatomy, (iii) established the first (indirect) definition of the "physiologist", and (iv) exercised a dominant influence upon the subsequent history of Hellenistic, European and Arabic Medicine. The current letter provides a short commentary on the historical account of Physiology as a scientific field and underlines the unique legacy that Aristotle has provided us with.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zarros, Dr Apostolos
Authors: Zarros, A.
Subjects:D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D051 Ancient History
Q Science > QP Physiology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Publisher:Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN (Online):1588-2683

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record