The effects of subcurative praziquantel treatment on life-history traits and trade-offs in drug-resistant Schistosoma mansoni

Viana, M. , Faust, C. L. , Haydon, D. T. , Webster, J. P. and Lamberton, P. H.L. (2018) The effects of subcurative praziquantel treatment on life-history traits and trade-offs in drug-resistant Schistosoma mansoni. Evolutionary Applications, 11(4), pp. 488-500. (doi: 10.1111/eva.12558) (PMID:29636801) (PMCID:PMC5891057)

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Natural selection acts on all organisms, including parasites, to maximise reproductive fitness. Drug resistance traits are often associated with life-history costs in the absence of treatment. Schistosomiasis control programmes rely on mass drug administration to reduce human morbidity and mortality. Although hotspots of reduced drug efficacy have been reported, resistance is not widespread. Using Bayesian State-Space Models (SSMs) fitted to data from an in vivo laboratory system, we tested the hypothesis that the spread of resistant Schistosoma may be limited by life-history costs not present in susceptible counterparts. Schistosoma mansoni parasites from a praziquantel–susceptible (S), a praziquantel–resistant (R) or a mixed line of originally resistant and susceptible parasites (RS) were exposed to a range of praziquantel doses. Parasite numbers at each life stage were quantified in their molluscan intermediate and murine definitive hosts across four generations, and SSMs were used to estimate key life-history parameters for each experimental group over time. Model outputs illustrated that parasite adult survival and fecundity in the murine host decreased across all lines, including R, with increasing drug pressure. Trade-offs between adult survival and fecundity were observed in all untreated lines, and these remained strong in S with praziquantel pressure. In contrast, trade-offs between adult survival and fecundity were lost under praziquantel pressure in R. As expected, parasite life-history traits within the molluscan host were complex, but trade-offs were demonstrated between parasite establishment and cercarial output. The observed trade-offs between generations within hosts, which were modified by praziquantel treatment in the R line, could limit the spread of R parasites under praziquantel pressure. Whilst such complex life-history costs may be difficult to detect using standard empirical methods, we demonstrate that SSMs provide robust estimates of life history parameters, aiding our understanding of costs and trade-offs of resistant parasites within this system and beyond.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Haydon, Professor Daniel and Faust, Christina and Viana, Dr Mafalda and Lamberton, Professor Poppy
Authors: Viana, M., Faust, C. L., Haydon, D. T., Webster, J. P., and Lamberton, P. H.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Evolutionary Applications
ISSN (Online):1752-4571
Published Online:25 September 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Evolutionary Applications 11(4): 488-500
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
709181Ecology of insecticide resistant vectors: consequences for the effectiveness of malaria control strategiesMafalda VianaMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/N015320/1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
623593Institutional Strategic Support Fund (ISSF)Anna DominiczakWellcome Trust (WELLCOTR)105614/Z/14/ZRI CARDIOVASCULAR & MEDICAL SCIENCES
745781Cultural, social and economic influences on ongoing schistosomiasis transmission, despite a decade of mass treatment, and the potential for changePoppy LambertonMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/P025447/1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
730161SCHISTO-PERSISTPoppy LambertonEuropean Research Council (ERC)680088RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED