A Monte Carlo Model for Neutron Coincidence Counting with Fast Organic Liquid Scintillation Detectors

Gamage, K. A.A. , Joyce, M. J. and Cave, F. D. (2014) A Monte Carlo Model for Neutron Coincidence Counting with Fast Organic Liquid Scintillation Detectors. In: 3rd International Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications (ANIMMA), Marseille, France, 23-27 June 2013, ISBN 9781479910472 (doi: 10.1109/ANIMMA.2013.6727893)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ANIMMA.2013.6727893


Neutron coincidence counting is an established, non-destructive method for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of nuclear materials. Several even-numbered nuclei of the actinide isotopes, and especially even-numbered plutonium isotopes, undergo spontaneous fission, resulting in the emission of neutrons which are correlated in time. The characteristics of this i.e. the multiplicity can be used to identify each isotope in question. Similarly, the corresponding characteristics of isotopes that are susceptible to stimulated fission are somewhat isotope-related, and also dependent on the energy of the incident neutron that stimulates the fission event, and this can hence be used to identify and quantify isotopes also. Most of the neutron coincidence counters currently used are based on 3He gas tubes. In the 3He-filled gas proportional-counter, the (n,p) reaction is largely responsible for the detection of slow neutrons and hence neutrons have to be slowed down to thermal energies. As a result, moderator and shielding materials are essential components of many systems designed to assess quantities of fissile materials. The use of a moderator, however, extends the die-away time of the detector necessitating a larger coincidence window and, further, 3He is now in short supply and expensive. In this paper, a simulation based on the Monte Carlo method is described which has been performed using MCNPX 2.6.0, to model the geometry of a sector-shaped liquid scintillation detector in response to coincident neutron events. The detection of neutrons from a mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel pellet using an organic liquid scintillator has been simulated for different thicknesses of scintillators. In this new neutron detector, a layer of lead has been used to reduce the gamma-ray fluence reaching the scintillator. The effect of lead for neutron detection has also been estimated by considering different thicknesses of lead layers.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gamage, Professor Kelum
Authors: Gamage, K. A.A., Joyce, M. J., and Cave, F. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering

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