Matthew Baillie's specimens and engravings

Spear, C., Reilly, M. and McDonald, S. W. (2018) Matthew Baillie's specimens and engravings. Clinical Anatomy, 31(5), pp. 622-631. (doi: 10.1002/ca.22979) (PMID:28815746)

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In 1799, Matthew Baillie, William Hunter's nephew, published his famous atlas of pathology. It was entitled A Series of Engravings Accompanied with Explanations which are Intended to Illustrate the Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body. The present study aims to match the illustrations to extant specimens in the collections of William and John Hunter, preserved at the University of Glasgow and at the Royal College of Surgeons of England respectively. Baillie's book contains 10 fasciculi, consisting of 73 plates and 206 figures. The specimens Baillie illustrated came from his own collection and those of ten others, including his uncles, William and John Hunter. The book was illustrated by William Clift and engraved by James Basire, William Skelton and James Heath. Excluding eight illustrations of intestinal worms where the provenance of the specimens is uncertain, a total of 98 specimens from William Hunter's collection were illustrated in 104 figures. Eight of the specimens were calculi impossible to identify specifically. Excluding worms and calculi, 72 of William Hunter's specimens illustrated by Baillie are extant in the Hunterian Collection at the University of Glasgow. All but one of the 20 specimens illustrated that had belonged to John Hunter were identified in the on-line catalogue of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Baillie's own collection was destroyed when the Royal College of Surgeons of England was bombed in 1941. Baillie is credited with being the first to produce an illustrated systematic textbook of morbid anatomy and probably the first to illustrate emphysema and transposition of the great vessels. His book, however, was not comprehensive. It did not cover a number of topics such as muscles and bones and there is little coverage of the nervous system. Baillie's book, however, was an original concept as an atlas of morbid anatomy and showed his deep insight into pathology.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McDonald, Professor Stuart and Reilly, Ms Maggie
Authors: Spear, C., Reilly, M., and McDonald, S. W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
University Services > Library and Collection Services > Museum and Art Gallery
Journal Name:Clinical Anatomy
ISSN (Online):1098-2353
Published Online:17 August 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
First Published:First published in Clinical Anatomy 31(5): 622-631
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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