Ambulatory blood pressure variability increases over a 10-year follow-up in community-dwelling older people

McDonald, C., Pearce, M. S., Wincenciak, J. , Kerr, S. R.J. and Newton, J. L. (2015) Ambulatory blood pressure variability increases over a 10-year follow-up in community-dwelling older people. American Journal of Hypertension, 29(5), pp. 560-567. (doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpv150) (PMID:26310662)

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BACKGROUND: Greater ambulatory blood pressure variability (ABPV) is associated with end-organ damage and increased mortality. Age-related changes in the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems make age-associated increases in ABPV likely. Cross-sectional studies support this hypothesis, showing greater ABPV among older compared to younger adults. The only longitudinal study to examine changes in ABPV, however, found ABPV decreased over 5 years follow-up. This unexpected observation probably reflected the highly selected nature of the study participants. METHODS In this longitudinal study, we assessed changes in ABPV over 10 years in a community-cohort of older people. In addition, we examined the extent to which ABPV was predicted by demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, and medication. Clinical examination and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were carried out at baseline and at 10 years follow-up in 83 people, median age 70 years. ABPV was calculated using SD and coefficient of variation (Cv). Three time periods were examined: daytime, nighttime, and 24 hours. RESULTS: Daytime and 24-hour, systolic and diastolic, SD, and Cv were significantly greater at follow-up than at baseline (P < 0.001 in all cases). Mean BP did not change. CONCLUSIONS: Multilevel modeling showed follow-up interval had a significant, positive effect on SD and Cv (P < 0.004), independent of age, sex, and medication. ABPV increased over a 10-year follow-up despite stable mean BP. ABPV may therefore be an additional target for treatment in older people. Future studies should examine what degree of ABPV is harmful and if control of ABPV reduces adverse outcome.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wincenciak, Dr Joanna
Authors: McDonald, C., Pearce, M. S., Wincenciak, J., Kerr, S. R.J., and Newton, J. L.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Education
Journal Name:American Journal of Hypertension
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1941-7225

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