Analysing the reasons of failure of surgical mitral repair approaches-do we need to better think in biomechanics?

Fraldi, M., Spadaccio, C., Mihos, C. G. and Nappi, F. (2017) Analysing the reasons of failure of surgical mitral repair approaches-do we need to better think in biomechanics? Journal of Thoracic Disease, 9(S7), S661-S664. (doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.06.33) (PMID:28740720) (PMCID:PMC5505944)

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The failure of mitral valve repair procedures revealed in the outcomes of the recent randomized studies is suggesting the necessity for a better understanding of the biomechanical mechanisms underlying the failure of the surgical approaches. Use of biomechanical modelling and finite element analysis (FEA) in cardiovascular research is an important aid in this context. In our group we developed a biomechanical model taking into account all the component of the mitral valve functional unit including the valve leaflets, the annulus, the papillary muscles, the chordae tendinea and the ventricular geometry. The two-dimensional mathematical model was capable to predict some of the actual geometrical and mechanical features of the valvular and subvalvular apparatuses in physiological and pathological conditions providing the engineering quantitative relations between closing and tethering forces and the mechanisms governing the mitral valve unit function. This model might further become patient-specific by means of 3D reconstruction of clinical imaging. Images are first converted in a standard vector format (DICOM, etc.), then automatically translated in a "structural" finite element model and finally implemented in a finite element code. This allows for in silico simulations to virtually explore the effects of different surgical approaches at an early stage after the procedure, to help the operative decision processes, or to optimize the design of surgical implants.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Mitral valve repair, finite element analysis (FEA), papillary muscle approximation (PMA), patient-specific modelling, restrictive annuloplasty.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spadaccio, Dr Cristiano
Authors: Fraldi, M., Spadaccio, C., Mihos, C. G., and Nappi, F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:Journal of Thoracic Disease
Publisher:AME Publishing Company
ISSN (Online):2077-6624

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