Biomechanics raises solution to avoid geometric mitral valve configuration abnormalities in ischemic mitral regurgitation

Nappi, F., Spadaccio, C., Mihos, C. G. and Fraldi, M. (2017) Biomechanics raises solution to avoid geometric mitral valve configuration abnormalities in ischemic mitral regurgitation. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 9(S7), S624-S628. (doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.05.63) (PMID:28740716) (PMCID:PMC5505935)

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Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a form of mitral insufficiency that is characterized by papillary muscle (PM) displacement, leaflet tethering, reduced closing forces, and different degree of annular dilatation. Treatment of this condition includes mitral valve replacement or mitral valve repair with restrictive annuloplasty. Recent evidences in mitral valve repair showed that addressing only the annulus and neglecting the subvalvular apparatus provides a suboptimal operation with poor long-term results. However, the complexity of the geometrical aberrances occurring in IMR demands for more accurate analysis also involving the biomechanics underlying the failing mitral valve and subvalvular apparatus. Finite element analysis (FEA) is a powerful tool in this context and we developed a biomechanical model of mitral valve and subvalvular unit using 3D geometry of the leaflets, annulus, chordae and PM. After the application of structural properties of materials to these elements and simulation of systemic pressure loading, FEA could be used to directly determine biomechanical changes and geometry variations. We believe this approach can provide valuable information to better address the surgical treatment of IMR and answer some of the questions still pending in IMR management.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Ischemic mitral valve regurgitation, biomechanical model, finite element analysis (FEA), mitral valve geometry, mitral valve repair.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spadaccio, Dr Cristiano
Authors: Nappi, F., Spadaccio, C., Mihos, C. G., and Fraldi, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:Journal of Thoracic Disease
Publisher:AME Publishing Company
ISSN (Online):2077-6624

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