Papillary muscle approximation in mitral valve repair for secondary MR

Nappi, F., Spadaccio, C., Chello, M. and Mihos, C. G. (2017) Papillary muscle approximation in mitral valve repair for secondary MR. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 9(S7), S635-S639. (doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.06.98) (PMID:28740718) (PMCID:PMC5505932)

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Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a complex disorder occurring after a myocardial infarction and affecting both the mitral valvular and subvalvular apparati. Several abnormalities can be detected in IMR as annular dilatation, leaflet tethering with impaired coaptation and papillary muscle (PM) displacement along a posterior, apical or lateral vectors. Treatments available include, beside myocardial revascularization, mitral-valve repair or chordal-sparing replacement. Repair is normally achieved downsizing the mitral valve annulus with a rigid or semirigid ring. However, considering the involvement of the subvalvular apparatus, techniques addressing the PM have been developed. The rationale at the basis of this strategy relies in the possibility to reduce the interpapillary muscle distance restoring the geometry of the left ventricle (LV) and ultimately resolving the leaflet tethering at the basis of IMR. Subvalvular apparatus surgical approaches include the papillary muscle approximation (PMA), surgical relocation and PM sling. Improved outcomes in terms of postoperative positive left ventricular remodeling and recurrence of mitral regurgitation have been reported, but more investigations are required to confirm the efficacy of subvalvular apparatus surgery. Application of finite element analysis to improve preoperative and intraoperative planning and achieve a correct and durable repair by means of subvalvular surgery is an exciting new avenue in IMR research.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spadaccio, Dr Cristiano
Authors: Nappi, F., Spadaccio, C., Chello, M., and Mihos, C. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:Journal of Thoracic Disease
Publisher:AME Publishing Company
ISSN (Online):2077-6624

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