Distributed energy storage using residential hot water heaters

Gelažanskas, L. and Gamage, K. A.A. (2016) Distributed energy storage using residential hot water heaters. Energies, 9(3), 127. (doi: 10.3390/en9030127)

145225.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



This paper proposes and analyses a new demand response technique for renewable energy regulation using smart hot water heaters that forecast water consumption at an individual dwelling level. Distributed thermal energy storage has many advantages, including high overall efficiency, use of existing infrastructure and a distributed nature. In addition, the use of a smart thermostatic controller enables the prediction of required water amounts and keeps temperatures at a level that minimises user discomfort while reacting to variations in the electricity network. Three cases are compared in this paper, normal operation, operation with demand response and operation following the proposed demand response mechanism that uses consumption forecasts. The results show that this technique can produce both up and down regulation, as well as increase water heater efficiency. When controlling water heaters without consumption forecast, the users experience discomfort in the form of hot water shortage, but after the full technique is applied, the shortage level drops to nearly the starting point. The amount of regulation power from a single dwelling is also discussed in this paper.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gamage, Professor Kelum
Authors: Gelažanskas, L., and Gamage, K. A.A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Journal Name:Energies
ISSN (Online):1996-1073
Published Online:25 February 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Energies 9(3):127
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record