Impairment in predictive processes during auditory mismatch negativity in ScZ: evidence from event-related fields

Sauer, A. et al. (2017) Impairment in predictive processes during auditory mismatch negativity in ScZ: evidence from event-related fields. Human Brain Mapping, 38(10), pp. 5082-5093. (doi:10.1002/hbm.23716) (PMID:28677252)

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Abstract

Patients with schizophrenia (ScZ) show pronounced dysfunctions in auditory perception but the underlying mechanisms as well as the localization of the deficit remain unclear. To examine these questions, the current study examined whether alterations in the neuromagnetic mismatch negativity (MMNm) in ScZ-patients could involve an impairment in sensory predictions in local sensory and higher auditory areas. Using a whole-head MEG-approach, we investigated the MMNm as well as P300m and N100m amplitudes during a hierarchical auditory novelty paradigm in 16 medicated ScZ-patients and 16 controls. In addition, responses to omitted sounds were investigated, allowing for a critical test of the predictive coding hypothesis. Source-localization was performed to identify the generators of the MMNm, omission responses as well as the P300m. Clinical symptoms were examined with the positive and negative syndrome scale. Event-related fields (ERFs) to standard sounds were intact in ScZ-patients. However, the ScZ-group showed a reduction in the amplitude of the MMNm during both local (within trials) and global (across trials) conditions as well as an absent P300m at the global level. Importantly, responses to sound omissions were reduced in ScZ-patients which overlapped both in latency and generators with the MMNm sources. Thus, our data suggest that auditory dysfunctions in ScZ involve impaired predictive processes that involve deficits in both automatic and conscious detection of auditory regularities.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Uhlhaas, Professor Peter and Recasens, Dr Marc and Grent-'T-Jong, Dr Tineke
Authors: Sauer, A., Zeev-Wolf, M., Grent-'t-Jong, T., Recasens, M., Wacongne, C., Wibral, M., Helbling, S., Peled, A., Grinshpoon, A., Singer, W., Goldstein, A., and Uhlhaas, P. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Human Brain Mapping
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1065-9471
ISSN (Online):1097-0193
Published Online:05 July 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
First Published:First published in Human Brain Mapping 38(10): 5082-8093
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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