A grudging rescue: France, the Armenians of Cilicia, and the history of humanitarian evacuations

White, B. T. (2019) A grudging rescue: France, the Armenians of Cilicia, and the history of humanitarian evacuations. Humanity, 10(1), pp. 1-27.

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Publisher's URL: https://muse.jhu.edu/article/722743


Humanitarian evacuation is today a well-known practice, but as an articulated policy it only dates back to the evacuation from Macedonia of Kosovo Albanian refugees in 1999. This article investigates a much earlier example, the evacuation of Armenians from Cilicia (now in southern Turkey) by France in 1921. It shows how the evacuation of entire populations over long distances became thinkable, in an age of mass displacement and emerging humanitarian consciousness, and practicable, as military logistics were applied to humanitarian crises. It analyzes the political decision to evacuate, showing how it sprang from the interaction of factors in the eastern Mediterranean, in France, and internationally. On the basis of this case study it establishes humanitarian evacuations as an object of historical enquiry, and sets an agenda for future research.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:White, Dr Benjamin Thomas
Authors: White, B. T.
College/School:College of Arts & Humanities > School of Humanities > History
Journal Name:Humanity
Publisher:University of Pennsylvania Press
ISSN (Online):2151-4372
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 University of Pennsylvania Press
First Published:First published in Humanity 10(1):1-27
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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