Effects of sexually dimorphic shape cues on neurophysiological correlates of women’s face processing

Welling, L. L.M., Bestelmeyer, P. E.G., Jones, B. C. , DeBruine, L. and Allan, K. (2017) Effects of sexually dimorphic shape cues on neurophysiological correlates of women’s face processing. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 3(4), pp. 337-350. (doi:10.1007/s40750-017-0072-1)

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Abstract

Sexual dimorphism (i.e., masculinity in males and femininity in females) is known to affect social perceptions that are important for both mate choice and intrasexual competition, such as attractiveness and dominance. Little is known, however, about the neurophysiological underpinnings mediating sexual dimorphism’s effects on face processing. Here we investigate the neurological correlates of processing sexually dimorphic faces using event-related potentials (ERPs). We employed image transformation techniques to enhance and reduce the sexually dimorphic shape features of male and female faces viewed by women performing a sex categorization task. Sexual dimorphism modulated superior-central N250 magnitude and the peak latency of the N170 and P200. The sex of the face further modulated the amplitude of the P200. These findings extend prior work linking the superior-central N250 to social categorization processes triggered by face shape, and strengthen its functional interpretation in terms of coarse- versus fine-grained categorical judgements. We conclude that ERPs can illuminate the cognitive mechanisms (i.e., mental processes) underlying behavioral responses to sexual dimorphism.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jones, Professor Benedict and Bestelmeyer, Dr Patricia and Debruine, Professor Lisa
Authors: Welling, L. L.M., Bestelmeyer, P. E.G., Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L., and Allan, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2198-7335
ISSN (Online):2198-7335
Published Online:21 July 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Springer
First Published:First published in Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology 3(4):337-350
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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