Predictive intelligence to the edge through approximate collaborative context reasoning

Anagnostopoulos, C. and Kolomvatsos, K. (2018) Predictive intelligence to the edge through approximate collaborative context reasoning. Applied Intelligence, 48(4), pp. 966-991. (doi: 10.1007/s10489-017-1032-y)

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We focus on Internet of Things (IoT) environments where a network of sensing and computing devices are responsible to locally process contextual data, reason and collaboratively infer the appearance of a specific phenomenon (event). Pushing processing and knowledge inference to the edge of the IoT network allows the complexity of the event reasoning process to be distributed into many manageable pieces and to be physically located at the source of the contextual information. This enables a huge amount of rich data streams to be processed in real time that would be prohibitively complex and costly to deliver on a traditional centralized Cloud system. We propose a lightweight, energy-efficient, distributed, adaptive, multiple-context perspective event reasoning model under uncertainty on each IoT device (sensor/actuator). Each device senses and processes context data and infers events based on different local context perspectives: (i) expert knowledge on event representation, (ii) outliers inference, and (iii) deviation from locally predicted context. Such novel approximate reasoning paradigm is achieved through a contextualized, collaborative belief-driven clustering process, where clusters of devices are formed according to their belief on the presence of events. Our distributed and federated intelligence model efficiently identifies any localized abnormality on the contextual data in light of event reasoning through aggregating local degrees of belief, updates, and adjusts its knowledge to contextual data outliers and novelty detection. We provide comprehensive experimental and comparison assessment of our model over real contextual data with other localized and centralized event detection models and show the benefits stemmed from its adoption by achieving up to three orders of magnitude less energy consumption and high quality of inference.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Anagnostopoulos, Dr Christos and Kolomvatsos, Dr Kostas
Authors: Anagnostopoulos, C., and Kolomvatsos, K.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Journal Name:Applied Intelligence
ISSN (Online):1573-7497
Published Online:07 August 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Applied Intelligence 48(4):966-991
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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