Changes in microbial (Bacteria and Archaea) plankton community structure after artificial dispersal in grazer-free microcosms

Karayanni, H., Meziti, A., Spatharis, S. , Genitsaris, S., Courties, C. and Kormas, K. A. (2017) Changes in microbial (Bacteria and Archaea) plankton community structure after artificial dispersal in grazer-free microcosms. Microorganisms, 5(2), 31. (doi: 10.3390/microorganisms5020031) (PMID:28587211)

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Microbes are considered to have a global distribution due to their high dispersal capabilities. However, our knowledge of the way geographically distant microbial communities assemble after dispersal in a new environment is limited. In this study, we examined whether communities would converge because similar taxa would be selected under the same environmental conditions, or would diverge because of initial community composition, after artificial dispersal. To this aim, a microcosm experiment was performed, in which the temporal changes in the composition and diversity of different prokaryoplankton assemblages from three distant geographic coastal areas (Banyuls-sur-Mer in northwest Mediterranean Sea, Pagasitikos Gulf in northeast Mediterranean and Woods Hole, MA, USA in the northwest Atlantic), were studied. Diversity was investigated using amplicon pyrosequencing of the V1-V3 hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA. The three assemblages were grown separately in particle free and autoclaved Banyuls-sur-mer seawater at 18 °C in the dark. We found that the variability of prokaryoplankton community diversity (expressed as richness, evenness and dominance) as well as the composition were driven by patterns observed in Bacteria. Regarding community composition, similarities were found between treatments at family level. However, at the OTU level microbial communities from the three different original locations diverge rather than converge during incubation. It is suggested that slight differences in the composition of the initial prokaryoplankton communities, resulted in separate clusters the following days even when growth took place under identical abiotic conditions.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:16S rRNA, biogeography, community, dispersion, diversity, microbial assemblage, microcosms, mixing, pyrosequencing.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spatharis, Dr Sofie
Authors: Karayanni, H., Meziti, A., Spatharis, S., Genitsaris, S., Courties, C., and Kormas, K. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Microorganisms
ISSN (Online):2076-2607
Published Online:03 June 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Microorganisms 5(2): 31
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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