Iodine status, thyroid function, and vegetarianism

Combet, E. (2017) Iodine status, thyroid function, and vegetarianism. In: Mariotti, F. (ed.) Vegetarian and Plant-Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention. Academic Press: London, pp. 769-790. ISBN 9780128039687 (doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803968-7.00042-3)

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Iodine is an essential nutrient for the formation of thyroid hormones, which are relevant to lifelong health. Iodine deficiency is a global issue, affecting mostly children and women around pregnancy. In absence of prophylaxis, securing iodine through the diet can be challenging. Main dietary sources are milk, dairy, and seafood, which are often excluded in vegetarian and vegan diets. In this chapter, we review the evidence available regarding iodine intake and status in vegetarian populations, as well as other nutrients important for thyroid health. The prevalence of thyroid diseases in vegetarians, including vegans, is also reviewed, alongside consideration of other dietary factors potentially affecting thyroid health.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Combet Aspray, Professor Emilie
Authors: Combet, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Publisher:Academic Press

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