The significance of political leaders for social policy expansion in Brazil, China, India and South Africa

Manor, J. and Duckett, J. (2017) The significance of political leaders for social policy expansion in Brazil, China, India and South Africa. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 55(3), pp. 303-327. (doi: 10.1080/14662043.2017.1327926)

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This paper examines the roles that political leaders have played in the formulation and implementation of government initiatives to tackle poverty and inequality in Brazil, China, India and South Africa since about 2002. While research on social policy and welfare expansion in the industrialised world has largely ignored leaders, we stress the importance of politics and political agency, since political leaders often exercised decisive influence even if their decisions to prioritise certain issues and to adopt certain strategies depend on the convergence of other factors. We examine their management of tensions and opposition within their governments and their political systems – as well as what we can discern of their motivations and political calculations. We consider the impact on government initiatives both of their adroit machinations and, at times, of their ineptitude.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Duckett, Professor Jane
Authors: Manor, J., and Duckett, J.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Journal Name:Commonwealth and Comparative Politics
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN (Online):1743-9094
Published Online:16 June 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 55(3):303-327
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
589121Expanding, Not Shrinking, Social Programmes: The Politics of New Policies to Tackle Poverty and Inequality in Brazil, India, China and South AfricaJane DuckettEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/J012629/1SPS - POLITICS