Vasoreactivity in CADASIL: comparison to structural MRI and neuropsychology

Moreton, F. C., Cullen, B. , Delles, C. , Santosh, C., Lopez Gonzalez, R., Dani, K. and Muir, K. W. (2018) Vasoreactivity in CADASIL: comparison to structural MRI and neuropsychology. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 38(6), pp. 1085-1095. (doi: 10.1177/0271678X17710375) (PMID:28537106)

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Abstract

Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity precedes histological and clinical evidence of CADASIL in animal models. We aimed to more fully characterise peripheral and cerebral vascular function and reactivity in a cohort of adult CADASIL patients, and explore the associations of these with conventional clinical, imaging and neuropsychological measures. 22 adults with CADASIL gave informed consent to participate in an exploratorystudy of vascular function in CADASIL. Clinical assessment, comprehensive vascular assessment, MRI and neuropsychological testing were conducted. Transcranial Doppler and arterial spin labelling MRI with hypercapnia challenge both measured cerebral vasoreactivity. Number and volume of lacunes, subcortical hyperintensity volume, microbleeds and normalised brain volume were assessed on MRI scans. Analysis was exploratory and examined associations between different markers. The results showed that cerebrovascular reactivity measured by ASL correlated with peripheral vasoreactivity measured by flow mediated dilatation. Subjects with >5 lacunes were older, with evidence of atherosclerosis and had impaired cerebral and peripheral vasoreactivity. Subjects with depressive symptoms, disability or delayed processing speed, also had impaired vasoreactivity, as well as more lacunes and brain atrophy. Impaired vasoreactivity and vascular dysfunction may play a significant role in the pathophysiology of CADASIL and vascular tests may be important to include in both longitudinal and clinical trials.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cullen, Dr Breda and Moreton, Dr Fiona and Santosh, Dr Celestine and Muir, Professor Keith and Delles, Professor Christian and Dani, Dr Krishna
Authors: Moreton, F. C., Cullen, B., Delles, C., Santosh, C., Lopez Gonzalez, R., Dani, K., and Muir, K. W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:0271-678X
ISSN (Online):1559-7016
Published Online:24 May 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 38(6): 1085-1095
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
606561Cerebral and peripheral perfusion and reactivity in CADASIL: a longitudinal pilot studyKeith MuirScottish Executive Health Department (SEHHD-CSO)ETM/244INP - STROKE & BRAIN IMAGING