ROMK expression remains unaltered in a mouse model of familial hyperkalemic hypertension caused by the CUL3Δ403‐459mutation

Murthy, M., Kurz, T. and O'Shaughnessy, K. M. (2016) ROMK expression remains unaltered in a mouse model of familial hyperkalemic hypertension caused by the CUL3Δ403‐459mutation. Physiological Reports, 4(13), e12850. (doi: 10.14814/phy2.12850) (PMID:27378813) (PMCID:PMC4945836)

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Familial hyperkalemic hypertension (FHHt) is a rare inherited form of salt‐dependent hypertension caused by mutations in proteins that regulate the renal Na+‐Cl‐ cotransporter NCC. Mutations in four genes have been reported to cause FHHt including CUL3 (Cullin3) that encodes a component of a RING E3 ligase. Cullin‐3 binds to WNK kinase‐bound KLHL3 (the substrate recognition subunit of the ubiquitin ligase complex) to promote ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of WNK kinases. Deletion of exon 9 from CUL3 (affecting residues 403‐459, CUL3Δ403‐459) causes a severe form of FHHt (PHA2E) that is recapitulated closely in a knock‐in mouse model. The loss of functionality of CUL3Δ403‐459 and secondary accumulation of WNK kinases causes substantial NCC activation. This accounts for the hypertension in FHHt but the origin of the hyperkalemia is less clear. Hence, we explored the impact of CUL3Δ403‐459 on expression of the distal secretory K channel, ROMK, both in vitro and in vivo. We found that expressing wild‐type but not the CUL3Δ403‐459 mutant form of CUL3 prevented the suppression of ROMK currents by WNK4 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The mutant CUL3 protein was also unable to affect ROMK‐EGFP protein expression at the surface of mouse M‐1 cortical collecting duct (CCD) cells. The effects of CUL3 on ROMK expression in both oocytes and M‐1 CCD cells was reduced by addition of the neddylation inhibitor, MLN4924. This confirms that neddylation is important for CUL3 activity. Nevertheless, in our knock‐in mouse model expressing CUL3Δ403‐459 we could not show any alteration in ROMK expression by either western blotting whole kidney lysates or confocal microscopy of kidney sections. This suggests that the hyperkalemia in our knock‐in mouse and human PHA2E subjects with the CUL3Δ403‐459 mutation is not caused by reduced ROMK expression in the distal nephron.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kurz, Dr Thimo
Authors: Murthy, M., Kurz, T., and O'Shaughnessy, K. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Molecular Biosciences
Journal Name:Physiological Reports
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN (Online):2051-817X
Published Online:04 July 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Physiological Reports 4(13): e12850
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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