LIM kinase inhibitors disrupt mitotic microtubule organization and impair tumor cell proliferation

Mardilovich, K. et al. (2015) LIM kinase inhibitors disrupt mitotic microtubule organization and impair tumor cell proliferation. Oncotarget, 6(36), pp. 38469-38486. (doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.6288) (PMID:26540348) (PMCID:PMC4770715)

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The actin and microtubule cytoskeletons are critically important for cancer cell proliferation, and drugs that target microtubules are widely-used cancer therapies. However, their utility is compromised by toxicities due to dose and exposure. To overcome these issues, we characterized how inhibition of the actin and microtubule cytoskeleton regulatory LIM kinases could be used in drug combinations to increase efficacy. A previously-described LIMK inhibitor (LIMKi) induced dose-dependent microtubule alterations that resulted in significant mitotic defects, and increased the cytotoxic potency of microtubule polymerization inhibitors. By combining LIMKi with 366 compounds from the GSK Published Kinase Inhibitor Set, effective combinations were identified with kinase inhibitors including EGFR, p38 and Raf. These findings encouraged a drug discovery effort that led to development of CRT0105446 and CRT0105950, which potently block LIMK1 and LIMK2 activity in vitro, and inhibit cofilin phosphorylation and increase αTubulin acetylation in cells. CRT0105446 and CRT0105950 were screened against 656 cancer cell lines, and rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma and kidney cancer cells were identified as significantly sensitive to both LIMK inhibitors. These large-scale screens have identified effective LIMK inhibitor drug combinations and sensitive cancer types. In addition, the LIMK inhibitory compounds CRT0105446 and CRT0105950 will enable further development of LIMK-targeted cancer therapy.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funded by Cancer Research UK (A12478, A12966, A18276).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Croft, Dr Daniel and Munro, Dr June and Crighton, Dr Diane and James, Mr Daniel and Lourenco, Dr Filipe and Rath, Dr Oliver and Gabrielsen, Dr Mads and Baugh, Dr Mark and Mardilovich, Dr Katerina and Shanks, Dr Emma and McGarry, Ms Lynn and Kalna, Dr Gabriela and Olson, Professor Michael
Authors: Mardilovich, K., Baugh, M., Crighton, D., Kowalczyk, D., Gabrielsen, M., Munro, J., Croft, D. R., Lourenco, F., James, D., Kalna, G., McGarry, L., Rath, O., Shanks, E., Garnett, M. J., McDermott, U., Brookfield, J., Charles, M., Hammonds, T., and Olson, M. F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Molecular Biosciences
Journal Name:Oncotarget
Publisher:Impact Journals
ISSN (Online):1949-2553
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Oncotarget 6(36): 38469-38486
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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