Cross-disorder genome-wide analyses suggest a complex genetic relationship between Tourette’s syndrome and OCD

Yu, D. et al. (2015) Cross-disorder genome-wide analyses suggest a complex genetic relationship between Tourette’s syndrome and OCD. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172(1), pp. 82-93. (doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13101306) (PMID:25158072) (PMCID:PMC4282594)

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Objective: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette’s syndrome are highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorders that are thought to share genetic risk factors. However, the identification of definitive susceptibility genes for these etiologically complex disorders remains elusive. The authors report a combined genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Tourette’s syndrome and OCD. Method: The authors conducted a GWAS in 2,723 cases (1,310 with OCD, 834 with Tourette’s syndrome, 579 with OCD plus Tourette’s syndrome/chronic tics), 5,667 ancestry-matched controls, and 290 OCD parent-child trios. GWAS summary statistics were examined for enrichment of functional variants associated with gene expression levels in brain regions. Polygenic score analyses were conducted to investigate the genetic architecture within and across the two disorders. Results: Although no individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) achieved genome-wide significance, the GWAS signals were enriched for SNPs strongly associated with variations in brain gene expression levels (expression quantitative loci, or eQTLs), suggesting the presence of true functional variants that contribute to risk of these disorders. Polygenic score analyses identified a significant polygenic component for OCD (p=2×10−4), predicting 3.2% of the phenotypic variance in an independent data set. In contrast, Tourette’s syndrome had a smaller, nonsignificant polygenic component, predicting only 0.6% of the phenotypic variance (p=0.06). No significant polygenic signal was detected across the two disorders, although the sample is likely underpowered to detect a modest shared signal. Furthermore, the OCD polygenic signal was significantly attenuated when cases with both OCD and co-occurring Tourette’s syndrome/chronic tics were included in the analysis (p=0.01). Conclusions: Previous work has shown that Tourette’s syndrome and OCD have some degree of shared genetic variation. However, the data from this study suggest that there are also distinct components to the genetic architectures of these two disorders. Furthermore, OCD with co-occurring Tourette’s syndrome/chronic tics may have different underlying genetic susceptibility compared with OCD alone.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Campbell, Dr Desmond
Authors: Yu, D., Mathews, C. A., Scharf, J. M., Neale, B. M., Davis, L. K., Gamazon, E. R., Derks, E. M., Evans, P., Edlund, C. K., Crane, J., Fagerness, J. A., Osiecki, L., Gallagher, P., Gerber, G., Haddad, S., Illmann, C., McGrath, L. M., Mayerfeld, C., Arepalli, S., Barlassina, C., Barr, C. L., Bellodi, L., Benarroch, F., Berrió, G. B., Bienvenu, O. J., Black, D. W., Bloch, M. H., Brentani, H., Bruun, R. D., Budman, C. L., Camarena, B., Campbell, D. D., Cappi, C., Silgado, J. C. C., Cavallini, M. C., Chavira, D. A., Chouinard, S., Cook, E. H., Cookson, M.R., Coric, V., Cullen, B., Cusi, D., Delorme, R., Denys, D., Dion, Y., Eapen, V., Egberts, K., Falkai, P., Fernandez, T., Fournier, E., Garrido, H., Geller, D., Gilbert, D. L., Girard, S. L., Grabe, H. J., Grados, M. A., Greenberg, B. D., Gross-Tsur, V., Grünblatt, E., Hardy, J., Heiman, G. A., Hemmings, S. M.J., Herrera, L. D., Hezel, D. M., Hoekstra, P. J., Jankovic, J., Kennedy, J. L., King, R. A., Konkashbaev, A. I., Kremeyer, B., Kurlan, R., Lanzagorta, N., Leboyer, M., Leckman, J. F., Lennertz, L., Liu, C., Lochner, C., Lowe, T. L., Lupoli, S., Macciardi, F., Maier, W., Manunta, P., Marconi, M., McCracken, J. T., Mesa Restrepo, S. C., Moessner, R., Moorjani, P., Morgan, J., Muller, H., Murphy, D. L., Naarden, A. L., Nurmi, E., Ochoa, W. C., Ophoff, R. A., Pakstis, A. J., Pato, M. T., Pato, C. N., Piacentini, J., Pittenger, C., Pollak, Y., Rauch, S. L., Renner, T., Reus, V. I., Richter, M. A., Riddle, M. A., Robertson, M. M., Romero, R., Rosário, M. C., Rosenberg, D., Ruhrmann, S., Sabatti, C., Salvi, E., Sampaio, A. S., Samuels, J., Sandor, P., Service, S. K., Sheppard, B., Singer, H. S., Smit, J. H., Stein, D. J., Strengman, E., Tischfield, J. A., Turiel, M., Valencia Duarte, A. V., Vallada, H., Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., Walitza, S., Wang, Y., Weale, M., Weiss, R., Wendland, J. R., Westenberg, H. G.M., Shugart, Y. Y., Hounie, A. G., Miguel, E. C., Nicolini, H., Wagner, M., Ruiz-Linares, A., Cath, D. C., McMahon, W., Posthuma, D., Oostra, B. A., Nestadt, G., Rouleau, G. A., Purcell, S., Jenike, M. A., Heutink, P., Hanna, G. L., Conti, D. V., Arnold, P. D., Freimer, N. B., Stewart, S. E., Knowles, J. A., Cox, N. J., and Pauls, D. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:American Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN (Online):1535-7228
Published Online:01 January 2015

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