Coronary-artery bypass surgery in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy

Velazquez, E. J. et al. (2016) Coronary-artery bypass surgery in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. New England Journal of Medicine, 374(16), pp. 1511-1520. (doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1602001) (PMID:27040723) (PMCID:PMC4938005)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND The survival benefit of a strategy of coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) added to guideline-directed medical therapy, as compared with medical therapy alone, in patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS From July 2002 to May 2007, a total of 1212 patients with an ejection fraction of 35% or less and coronary artery disease amenable to CABG were randomly assigned to undergo CABG plus medical therapy (CABG group, 610 patients) or medical therapy alone (medical-therapy group, 602 patients). The primary outcome was death from any cause. Major secondary outcomes included death from cardiovascular causes and death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes. The median duration of follow-up, including the current extended-follow-up study, was 9.8 years. RESULTS A primary outcome event occurred in 359 patients (58.9%) in the CABG group and in 398 patients (66.1%) in the medical-therapy group (hazard ratio with CABG vs. medical therapy, 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73 to 0.97; P=0.02 by log-rank test). A total of 247 patients (40.5%) in the CABG group and 297 patients (49.3%) in the medical-therapy group died from cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.66 to 0.93; P=0.006 by log-rank test). Death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes occurred in 467 patients (76.6%) in the CABG group and in 524 patients (87.0%) in the medical-therapy group (hazard ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.82; P<0.001 by log-rank test). CONCLUSIONS In a cohort of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, the rates of death from any cause, death from cardiovascular causes, and death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes were significantly lower over 10 years among patients who underwent CABG in addition to receiving medical therapy than among those who received medical therapy alone. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health; STICH [and STICHES] ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00023595.)

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:PMID: 27040723
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Petrie, Professor Mark
Authors: Velazquez, E. J., Lee, K. L., Jones, R. H., Al-Khalidi, H. R., Hill, J. A., Panza, J. A., Michler, R. E., Bonow, R. O., Doenst, T., Petrie, M. C., Oh, J. K., She, L., Moore, V. L., Desvigne-Nickens, P., Sopko, G., and Rouleau, J. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:New England Journal of Medicine
Publisher:Massachusetts Medical Society
ISSN:0028-4793
ISSN (Online):1533-4406
Published Online:03 April 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Massachusetts Medical Society
First Published:First published in New England Journal of Medicine 374(16):1511-1520
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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