Formation of immature neutrophil leucocytes in schizophrenic patients treated with various antipsychotic drugs: comparisons and predictions

Delieu, J.M., Horobin, R.W. and Duguid, J.K. (2006) Formation of immature neutrophil leucocytes in schizophrenic patients treated with various antipsychotic drugs: comparisons and predictions. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 20(6), pp. 824-828. (doi: 10.1177/0269881106061112) (PMID:16401649)

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The neutrophils of schizophrenic patients taking antipsychotic drugs were evaluated. Neutrophil immaturity was assessed by determining mean nuclear lobe number in peripheral blood smears of patients and controls. Subjects were patients medicated with typical (upenthixol (n 6), uphenazine (n 7), haloperidol (n 23), thioridazine (n 15), and triuoperazine (n 6)) or atypical (olanzapine (n 15), risperidone (n 10), and sulpiride (n 7)) antipsychotic drugs. Controls (n 58) were healthy, non-medicated clinical and academic staff. Mean lobe number was determined using light microscopy and examining 300 neutrophils per individual. For subject and control groups, means and medians of mean lobe numbers, and also mean white cell and neutrophil counts, were determined. Means for each group were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test; variances using F ratios. Mean lobe numbers of all patients were decreased compared to controls. The left shift occurring in patients medicated with haloperidol, olanzapine, risperidone, thioridazine, and triuoperazine was signícantat P 0.0001; for upenthixol P 0.001, and for sulpiride P 0.05. The left shift for uphenazine was not statistically signíant. For one patient, mean lobe numbers were obtained before and after medication with olanzapine commenced, and a lowering of mean lobe number was seen. Although the coefficient of variation in the patient groups was large compared to the controls, nevertheless more than half of the patients had mean lobe numbers outside the observed range of values seen in the control population. White blood cell and neutrophil counts in patients and controls were not signiécantly different. This study demonstrated that patients taking antipsychotic drugs have immature neutrophils, but normal total white cell and neutrophil numbers. The effect was seen with both typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs, and is probably drug-induced. It is possible that mean lobe number may predict patients at risk from neutropenia or agranulocytosis, as is also suggested by an analysis of the relative numbers of literature reports of neutrophil pathology for these drugs. It is of interest that olanzapine, which has been considered a haematologically non-hazardous drug, was shown to be associated with a significant decrease in mean lobe number.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Horobin, Dr Richard
Authors: Delieu, J.M., Horobin, R.W., and Duguid, J.K.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Journal of Psychopharmacology
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN (Online):1461-7285

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