Development of a behaviour-based scale to measure acute pain in dogs

Holton, L., Reid, J., Scott, E.M. , Pawson, P. and Nolan, A.M. (2001) Development of a behaviour-based scale to measure acute pain in dogs. Veterinary Record, 148(17), pp. 525-531. (doi: 10.1136/vr.148.17.525)

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A composite scale for assessing pain in dogs in a hospital setting has been developed on the basis of observations of their behaviour. Initially, 279 words and expressions suggested by 69 veterinary surgeons were reduced into 47 words and expressions which were allocated into seven behaviour categories: demeanour and response to people, posture, mobility, activity, response to touch, attention to painful area and vocalisation. Three statistical methods, hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and analysis of variance with multiple comparisons and empirical cumulative distributions, were used to validate these procedures, and a questionnaire accompanied by a list of definitions was designed around the expressions. The new composite scale is more detailed than previously reported scales for assessing pain in dogs on the basis of their behaviour, and the methods used in its development are based on sound scientific principles.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nolan, Professor Andrea and Pawson, Dr Pat and Scott, Professor Marian and Reid, Professor Jacqueline
Authors: Holton, L., Reid, J., Scott, E.M., Pawson, P., and Nolan, A.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Veterinary Record
Publisher:B M J Group
ISSN (Online):2042-7670

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