Constricted channel flow with different cross-section shapes

Van Hirtum, A., Wu, B., Gao, H. and Luo, X.Y. (2017) Constricted channel flow with different cross-section shapes. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, 63, pp. 1-8. (doi: 10.1016/j.euromechflu.2016.12.009)

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Pressure driven steady flow through a uniform circular channel containing a constricted portion is a common problem considering physiological flows such as underlying human speech sound production. The influence of the constriction’s cross-section shape (circle, ellipse, circular sector) on the flow within and downstream from the constriction is experimentally quantified. An analytical boundary layer flow model is proposed which takes into account the hydraulic diameter of the cross-section shape. Comparison of the model outcome with experimental and three-dimensional numerically simulated flow data shows that the pressure distribution within the constriction can be modeled accurately so that the model is of interest for analytical models of fluid–structure interaction without the assumption of two-dimensional flow.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Luo, Professor Xiaoyu and Gao, Dr Hao
Authors: Van Hirtum, A., Wu, B., Gao, H., and Luo, X.Y.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Journal Name:European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids
ISSN (Online):1873-7390
Published Online:12 January 2017

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
560111Finite element-immersed boundary method and its application to mitral valvesXiaoyu LuoEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/I029990/1M&S - MATHEMATICS