Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with diabetes randomized in EchoCRT

Nägele, M. P. et al. (2017) Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with diabetes randomized in EchoCRT. European Journal of Heart Failure, 19(1), pp. 80-87. (doi: 10.1002/ejhf.655) (PMID:27862715)

132098.pdf - Accepted Version



Aims: As patients with heart failure (HF) and concomitant diabetes carry a poor prognosis, this post-hoc subgroup analysis aimed to compare the outcomes of patients with and without diabetes randomized in the Echocardiography Guided Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (EchoCRT) study. Methods and results: EchoCRT randomized patients with a QRS duration <130 ms and echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular dyssynchrony to CRT turned on (CRT=ON) vs. off (CRT=OFF) following device implantation. At study entry, 328 patients (40.5%) had diabetes. The primary outcome (all-cause death or first hospitalization for worsening HF) occurred more frequently in patients with than without diabetes (32.6% vs. 23%, P = 0.003). A significant treatment interaction was observed for the primary outcome indicating a higher risk for CRT=ON vs. CRT-OFF in patients without [26.5% vs. 19.8%, hazard ratio (HR) 1.58, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–2.31] vs. with diabetes (31.4% vs. 34%; HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.58–1.27; P for interaction 0.041). This effect was mainly driven by a lower rate in HF hospitalizations, but was only of borderline significance after multivariate adjustment (P = 0.063). The most pronounced effect was observed in patients with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy, where a significantly reduced risk of reaching the primary endpoint for CRT=ON vs. CRT-OFF was observed in patients with (HR 0.27, P = 0.003) vs. patients without diabetes (HR 1.79, P = 0.038; P for interaction 0.005). No treatment interaction by diabetes diagnosis was found for mortality endpoints. Conclusion: In EchoCRT, HF patients with a narrow QRS complex and coexisting diabetes demonstrated a signal for less harm caused by CRT compared with patients without diabetes, which was driven by differences in hospitalizations owing to HF.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robertson, Mrs Michele and Ford, Professor Ian
Authors: Nägele, M. P., Steffel, J., Robertson, M., Singh, J. P., Flammer, A. J., Bax, J. J., Borer, J. S., Dickstein, K., Ford, I., Gorcsan, J., Gras, D., Krum, H., Sogaard, P., Holzmeister, J., Abraham, W. T., Brugada, J., and Ruschitzka, F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:11 November 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors and The European Society of Cardiology
First Published:First published in European Journal of Heart Failure 19(1): 80-87
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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