Two-dimensional photonic-bandgap structures operating at near-infrared wavelengths

Krauss, T. F., De La Rue, R. M. and Brand, S. (1996) Two-dimensional photonic-bandgap structures operating at near-infrared wavelengths. Nature, 383(6602), pp. 699-702.

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Photonic crystals are artificial structures having a periodic dielectric structure designed to influence the behaviour of photons in much the same way that the crystal structure of a semiconductor affects the properties of electrons *RF 1*. In particular, photonic crystals forbid propagation of photons having a certain range of energies (known as a photonic bandgap), a property that could be incorporated in the design of novel optoelectronic devices [2]. Following the demonstration of a material with a full photonic bandgap at microwave frequencies [3], there has been considerable progress in the fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals with operational wavelengths as short as 1.5 micrometer [4], although the optical properties of such structures are still far from ideal [5]. Here we show that, by restricting the geometry of the photonic crystal to two dimensions (in a waveguide configuration), structures with polarization-sensitive photonic bandgaps at still lower wavelengths (in the range 800-900 nm) can be readily fabricated. Our approach should permit the straightforward integration of photonic-bandgap structures with other optical and optoelectronic devices.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:De La Rue, Professor Richard
Authors: Krauss, T. F., De La Rue, R. M., and Brand, S.
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:Nature
Publisher:Nature Publications Group
Copyright Holders:© Copyright Macmillan Magazines Ltd
First Published:First published in Nature 383:699-702
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the Publisher.

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