Surface morphology and reactivity of microcrystalline MgO - Single and multiple acid-base pairs in low coordination revealed by FTIR spectroscopy of adsorbed CO, CD3CN and D-2

Martra, G., Cacciatori, T., Marchese, L., Hargreaves, J.S.J. , Mellor, I.M., Joyner, R.W. and Coluccia, S. (2001) Surface morphology and reactivity of microcrystalline MgO - Single and multiple acid-base pairs in low coordination revealed by FTIR spectroscopy of adsorbed CO, CD3CN and D-2. Catalysis Today, 70(1-3), pp. 121-130. (doi:10.1016/S0920-5861(01)00412-6)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5861(01)00412-6

Abstract

The surface morphology of two types of high specific surface area MgO powders (an ex-hydroxide MgO and a smoke one, eroded by H<sub>2</sub>O and CO<sub>2</sub> attack) was studied by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and infrared spectroscopy of adsorbed probe molecules. HRTEM images show that significant morphological defects are present on the surface of MgO microcrystals in both cases. Insights at a molecular level provided by the IR spectra of adsorbed probe molecules (CO, CD<sub>3</sub>CN, D<sub>2</sub>) indicate that Mg<sup>2+</sup> ions on corners, edges and (1 0 0) faces are exposed in comparable amount on the surface of the microcrystals of both kind of powders. By contrast, relevant differences were found for multiple cationic sites and reactive Mg<sup>2+</sup>O<sup>2−</sup> pairs located in region with enhanced irregularity, constituted by steep successions of steps of one unit-cell dimension. This suggests that, besides the presence of different types of single morphological defects, the presence of ensembles of such sites must be taken into account when adsorption properties and surface reactivity of different type of microcrystalline MgO materials are compared.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hargreaves, Professor Justin
Authors: Martra, G., Cacciatori, T., Marchese, L., Hargreaves, J.S.J., Mellor, I.M., Joyner, R.W., and Coluccia, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Catalysis Today
ISSN:0920-5861
ISSN (Online):1873-4308
Published Online:30 October 2001

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