Global and regional burden of hospital admissions for severe acute lower respiratory infections in young children in 2010: a systematic analysis

Nair, H. et al. (2013) Global and regional burden of hospital admissions for severe acute lower respiratory infections in young children in 2010: a systematic analysis. Lancet, 381(9875), pp. 1380-1390. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61901-1) (PMID:23369797) (PMCID:PMC3986472)

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Background: The annual number of hospital admissions and in-hospital deaths due to severe acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) in young children worldwide is unknown. We aimed to estimate the incidence of admissions and deaths for such infections in children younger than 5 years in 2010. Methods: We estimated the incidence of admissions for severe and very severe ALRI in children younger than 5 years, stratified by age and region, with data from a systematic review of studies published between Jan 1, 1990, and March 31, 2012, and from 28 unpublished population-based studies. We applied these incidence estimates to population estimates for 2010, to calculate the global and regional burden in children admitted with severe ALRI in that year. We estimated in-hospital mortality due to severe and very severe ALRI by combining incidence estimates with case fatality ratios from hospital-based studies. Findings: We identified 89 eligible studies and estimated that in 2010, 11·9 million (95% CI 10·3–13·9 million) episodes of severe and 3·0 million (2·1–4·2 million) episodes of very severe ALRI resulted in hospital admissions in young children worldwide. Incidence was higher in boys than in girls, the sex disparity being greatest in South Asian studies. On the basis of data from 37 hospital studies reporting case fatality ratios for severe ALRI, we estimated that roughly 265 000 (95% CI 160 000–450 000) in-hospital deaths took place in young children, with 99% of these deaths in developing countries. Therefore, the data suggest that although 62% of children with severe ALRI are treated in hospitals, 81% of deaths happen outside hospitals.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Severe ALRI Working Group. Full list of names p. 1387.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hanlon, Dr Peter
Authors: Nair, H., Simões, E. A.F., Rudan, I., Gessner, B. D., Azziz-Baumgartner, E., Zhang, J. S. F., Feikin, D. R., Mackenzie, G. A., Moiïsi, J. C., Roca, A., Baggett, H. C., Zaman, S. M.A., Singleton, R. J., Lucero, M. G., Chandran, A., Gentile, A., Cohen, C., Krishnan, A., Bhutta, Z. A., Arguedas, A., Clara, A. W., Andrade, A. L., Ope, M., Ruvinsky, R. O., Hortal, M., McCracken, J. P., Madhi, S. A., Bruce, N., Qazi, S. A., Morris, S. S., El Arifeen, S., Weber, M. W., Scott, J. A. G., Brooks, W. A., Breiman, R. F., Campbell, H., and Hanlon, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
Journal Name:Lancet
ISSN (Online):1474-547X
Published Online:29 January 2013
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 World Health Organization
First Published:First published in Lancet 381(9875):1308-1390

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