Genome-wide meta-analyses of breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer association studies identify multiple new susceptibility loci shared by at least two cancer types

Kar, S. P. et al. (2016) Genome-wide meta-analyses of breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer association studies identify multiple new susceptibility loci shared by at least two cancer types. Cancer Discovery, 6(9), pp. 1052-1067. (doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-15-1227) (PMID:27432226) (PMCID:PMC5010513)

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Breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers are hormone-related and may have a shared genetic basis, but this has not been investigated systematically by genome-wide association (GWA) studies. Meta-analyses combining the largest GWA meta-analysis data sets for these cancers totaling 112,349 cases and 116,421 controls of European ancestry, all together and in pairs, identified at P < 10−8 seven new cross-cancer loci: three associated with susceptibility to all three cancers (rs17041869/2q13/BCL2L11; rs7937840/11q12/INCENP; rs1469713/19p13/GATAD2A), two breast and ovarian cancer risk loci (rs200182588/9q31/SMC2; rs8037137/15q26/RCCD1), and two breast and prostate cancer risk loci (rs5013329/1p34/NSUN4; rs9375701/6q23/L3MBTL3). Index variants in five additional regions previously associated with only one cancer also showed clear association with a second cancer type. Cell-type–specific expression quantitative trait locus and enhancer–gene interaction annotations suggested target genes with potential cross-cancer roles at the new loci. Pathway analysis revealed significant enrichment of death receptor signaling genes near loci with P < 10−5 in the three-cancer meta-analysis.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mcneish, Professor Iain
Authors: Kar, S. P., Beesley, J., Amin Al Olama, A., Michailidou, K., Tyrer, J., Kote-Jarai, Z., Lawrenson, K., Lindstrom, S., Ramus, S. J., Thompson, D. J., Kibel, A. S., Dansonka-Mieszkowska, A., Michael, A., Dieffenbach, A. K., Gentry-Maharaj, A., Whittemore, A. S., Wolk, A., Monteiro, A., Peixoto, A., Kierzek, A., Cox, A., Rudolph, A., Gonzalez-Neira, A., Wu, A. H., Lindblom, A., Swerdlow, A., Ziogas, A., Ekici, A. B., Burwinkel, B., Karlan, B. Y., Nordestgaard, B. G., Blomqvist, C., Phelan, C., McLean, C., Pearce, C. L., Vachon, C., Cybulski, C., Slavov, C., Stegmaier, C., Maier, C., Ambrosone, C. B., Høgdall, C. K., Teerlink, C. C., Kang, D., Tessier, D. C., Schaid, D. J., Stram, D. O., Cramer, D. W., Neal, D. E., Eccles, D., Flesch-Janys, D., Edwards, D. R. V., Wokozorczyk, D., Levine, D. A., Yannoukakos, D., Sawyer, E. J., Bandera, E. V., Poole, E. M., Goode, E. L., Khusnutdinova, E., Høgdall, E., Song, F., Bruinsma, F., Heitz, F., Modugno, F., Hamdy, F. C., Wiklund, F., Giles, G. G., Olsson, H., Wildiers, H., Ulmer, H.-U., Pandha, H., Risch, H. A., Darabi, H., Salvesen, H. B., Nevanlinna, H., Gronberg, H., Brenner, H., Brauch, H., Anton-Culver, H., Song, H., Lim, H.-Y., Mcneish, I., Campbell, I., Vergote, I., Gronwald, J., Lubiński, J., Stanford, J. L., Benítez, J., Doherty, J. A., Permuth, J. B., Chang-Claude, J., Donovan, J. L., Dennis, J., Schildkraut, J. M., Schleutker, J., Hopper, J. L., Kupryjanczyk, J., Park, J. Y., Figueroa, J., Clements, J. A., Knight, J. A., Peto, J., Cunningham, J. M., Pow-Sang, J., Batra, J., Czene, K., Lu, K. H., Herkommer, K., Khaw, K.-T., Matsuo, K., Muir, K., Offitt, K., Chen, K., Moysich, K. B., Aittomäki, K., Odunsi, K., Kiemeney, L. A., Massuger, L. F.A.G., Fitzgerald, L. M., Cook, L. S., Cannon-Albright, L., Hooning, M. J., Pike, M. C., Bolla, M. K., Luedeke, M., Teixeira, M. R., Goodman, M. T., Schmidt, M. K., Riggan, M., Aly, M., Rossing, M. A., Beckmann, M. W., Moisse, M., Sanderson, M., Southey, M. C., Jones, M., Lush, M., Hildebrandt, M. A.T., Hou, M.-F., Schoemaker, M. J., Garcia-Closas, M., Bogdanova, N., Rahman, N., Le, N. D., Orr, N., Wentzensen, N., Pashayan, N., Peterlongo, P., Guénel, P., Brennan, P., Paulo, P., Webb, P. M., Broberg, P., Fasching, P. A., Devilee, P., Wang, Q., Cai, Q., Li, Q., Kaneva, R., Butzow, R., Kopperud, R. K., Schmutzler, R. K., Stephenson, R. A., MacInnis, R. J., Hoover, R. N., Winqvist, R., Ness, R., Milne, R. L., Travis, R. C., Benlloch, S., Olson, S. H., McDonnell, S. K., Tworoger, S. S., Maia, S., Berndt, S., Lee, S. C., Teo, S.-H., Thibodeau, S. N., Bojesen, S. E., Gapstur, S. M., Kjær, S. K., Pejovic, T., Tammela, T. L.J., Dörk, T., Brüning, T., Wahlfors, T., Key, T. J., Edwards, T. L., Menon, U., Hamann, U., Mitev, V., Kosma, V.-M., Setiawan, V. W., Kristensen, V., Arndt, V., Vogel, W., Zheng, W., Sieh, W., Blot, W. J., Kluzniak, W., Shu, X.-O., Gao, Y.-T., Schumacher, F., Freedman, M. L., Berchuck, A., Dunning, A. M., Simard, J., Haiman, C. A., Spurdle, A., Sellers, T. A., Hunter, D. J., Henderson, B. E., Kraft, P., Chanock, S. J., Couch, F. J., Hall, P., Gayther, S. A., Easton, D. F., Chenevix-Trench, G., Eeles, R., Pharoah, P. D.P., and Lambrechts, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cancer Discovery
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN (Online):2159-8290
Published Online:17 July 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 American Association for Cancer Research
First Published:First published in Cancer Discovery 6(9):1052-1067
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
415281Pharmacodynamics and drug resistanceRobert BrownCancer Research UK (CAN-RES-UK)C536/A6689RI CANCER SCIENCES
690421Glasgow Molecular Pathology (GMP) NodeKarin OienMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/N005813/1ICS - EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS